Bolivia on 20 December 2013 launched the country’s first telecommunication satellite Tupak Katari. The satellite has been named upon an indigenous national hero, who fought the 18th century Spanish colonial rule.
The rocket carrying the satellite blast off from Xichang Satellite Launch Center in China. Bolivia is one of the last countries in South America to have its own satellite.
Ivan Zambrana is the Director of the Bolivian Space Agency. He said that the satellite should be fully operational by March 2014 and help to bring down communication cost and improve television and Internet services for people living in rural areas.
Satellite telecommunication is the most mature of space applications. Starting 50 years ago with the launch of Telstar in 1962 and Syncom in 1963, satcom has continued to grow ever since.
At first, satellite performance was very limited. The use of satellites was limited to long distance telephony and to the transport of television signals between studios.
Use of Telecommunication satellites
• While listening to the radio and watching T.V. the signals, we receive is distributed from the satellite
• Most news agencies use satellites to distribute text, audio and video to their affiliates
• Access to the Internet is possible only by satellite communication
• Satellites are being used for tele-education, telemedicine or videoconference systems
• Internet service providers often link their servers to the core of the Internet network by satellite
• With the emergence of very powerful broadband satellites, users – equipped with their own broadband interactive satellite terminals – get access to the Internet regardless of their distance from the nearest terrestrial node
• In most remote and some not-so-remote parts of the world, satellite communications continue to play a fundamental role in the infrastructure of telephone and other services
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