Governing conservative People’s Party (PP) of Spain’s Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy on 20 December 2015 won the most seats in the general elections of the country.
PP which secured 123 seats in the lower house of Parliament has fallen short of absolute majority which can be achieved if any party wins minimum 176 seats in the 350-member Parliament. It had 186 seats in the outgoing parliament.
For forming a government and govern for another four-year term, PP will have to rely on other parties.
Percent of votes won
• Popular Party was on 28.7 percent
• The Socialists which received 90 seats was on 22 percent
• Anti-austerity Podemos along with its allies received 69 seats and was 20.6 percent
• Liberal Ciudadanos party that won 40 seats had 13.8 percent of the vote
Podemos (a new far-left party) and Ciudadanos (another upstart party) fielded national candidates for the first time.
The Popular Party and the Socialists have alternated running the government for more than three decades. Spain’s political system has remained unchanged since its transition from a monarchy to a democracy in the 1975.
Spanish transition to democracy
The Spanish transition to democracy refers to the restoration of democracy in Spain after the death of Francisco Franco in 1975. The transition began shortly after Franco's death on 20 November 1975, while its completion has been variously said to be marked by the Spanish Constitution of 1978, the failure of an attempted coup on 23 February 1981, or the electoral victory of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) on 28 October 1982. Though faced with political and economic crises at the time, the transition to democracy was one of the factors that allowed Spain to join the European Economic Community and NATO.
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