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ICC appoints first female match referee; US places Chinese, Pakistani companies on entity list – Current Affairs

GS Lakshmi's appointment comes just a month after Australia's Claire Polosak was appointed as the first woman umpire in men's one-day internationals.

May 15, 2019 15:13 IST
ICC appoints first female match referee

Story 1-India’s GS Lakshmi appointed first female match referee by ICC

Former Indian cricketer, GS Lakshmi was on May 14, 2019 appointed by the International Cricket Council as the first-ever woman referee on the international panel of match referees.

With the decision, the 51-year-old will be eligible to officiate in international games with immediate effect.

Significance

GS Lakshmi's appointment comes just a month after Australia's Claire Polosak was appointed as the first woman umpire in men's one-day internationals.

Lakshmi, who was first appointed as a match referee in domestic women's cricket in 2008-09, has overseen three women's one-day internationals and three women’s Twenty20s. Speaking on her appointment, she said that it is a huge honour for her as it opens new avenues.  She hopes to put her experience both as a player and as a match official to good use on the international circuit.

Other Details

In another major appointment, Australia's Eloise Sheridan was appointed to the ICC Development Panel of Umpires. She joins Polosak who is already a part of the panel.

With her appointment, the total number of women on the ICC panel has gone up to 8. The other women on the panel include Lauren Agenbag, Kim Cotton, Shivani Mishra, Sue Redfern, Mary Waldron and Jacqueline Williams

Story 2- US places Chinese, Pakistani companies on entity list

The United States of America on May 13, 2019 placed 12 foreign companies, including several entities from China and Pakistan in its entity list to ensure that sensitive technologies do not fall into the hands of those who would threaten its national security.

The 12 entities that have made it into the US blacklist include four companies with locations in both China and Hong Kong along with two Chinese, one Pakistani and five Emirati persons.

Objective

The main aim is to place the select individuals, businesses and organizations across the world under notice, so that they will be held accountable for supporting Iran's alleged construction of weapons of mass destruction and other illicit schemes.

Key Highlights

Allegedly, the four new entities located in China and Hong Kong attempted to procure commodities of US origin, with an attempt to support Iran’s weapons of mass destruction programme, in violation of US export controls.

The two blacklisted Chinese entities apparently participated in the prohibited export of controlled technology, which was then supplied to organisations affiliated with the People's Liberation Army.

The Pakistani company was included in the list for allegedly attempting to procure controlled technology on behalf of the country's unsafeguarded nuclear activities.

The four Emirati persons were included for obtaining US-origin items for an existing entity list member without a license and for a denied party, Mahan Air.

Another entity from the UAE was included in the list, after it refused to support a BIS end-use check, which is cause for admission to the entity list.

What is Entity List?

The Export Administration Regulations (EAR) of the United States contains a list of names of certain foreign persons, including businesses, research institutions, government and private organizations, individuals, and other types of legal persons that are subject to specific license requirements for export, re-export or transfer (in-country) of specified items. These persons comprise the Entity List.

On an individual basis, the persons on the Entity List are subject to licensing requirements and policies supplemental to those found elsewhere in the EAR.

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