India and China on 15 May 2015 signed 24 agreements to augment bilateral co-operation between the two countries.
The agreements were signed in the presence of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese Premier Li Keqiang in Beijing, China.
The details of agreements covering the fields of Education, Railways, People-to-People exchanges, skill development, Security among others were outlined in the Joint Statement issued by the two leaders after the conclusion of bilateral talks.
Some of the important agreements are
Both the countries agreed to establish State/Provincial Leaders’ Forum to enhance relations among the provinces (China) and states (India). The first meeting of the Forum was held in Beijing on 15 May 2015, with the participation of Prime Minister Modi and Premier Li.
An additional Consulate General shall be established in each other’s country. India shall open a new Consulate General in Chengdu, while China shall open a new Consulate General in Chennai. These new consulates will facilitate and promote greater cultural, tourism, economic and people-to-people engagement between the two countries.
The fifth joint counter-terrorism training between the two armies will be held in China in 2015. The two sides will exchange visits of naval ships and hold PASSEX and SAR exercises.
Both the countries agreed to abide by the three-stage process for the settlement of the boundary question, and continuously push forward negotiation on the framework for a boundary settlement based on the outcomes and common understanding achieved so far, in an effort to seek a fair, reasonable and mutually acceptable solution as early as possible.
Both sides agreed to optimally exploit the present and potential complementarities in identified sectors in the Five Year Trade and Economic Development Plan signed in September 2014, including Indian pharmaceuticals, Indian IT services, tourism, textiles and agro-products.
It was agreed to conduct the next meeting of the Strategic Economic Dialogue, co-chaired by Vice Chairman of NITI Aayog of India and Chairman of NDRC of China in India during the second half of 2015.
Both the countries agreed on an Action Plan outlining the next steps to enhance the partnership in the Railway Sector. It is in continuation of the ongoing initiatives including the projects on speed raising on the existing Chennai-Bengaluru-Mysore line, the proposed feasibility studies for the Delhi-Nagpur section of high speed rail link, the station redevelopment planning for Bhubaneswar & Baiyappanahalli, heavy haul transportation training and setting up of a railway university.
Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed to institute a dialogue mechanism between the NITI Aayog of India and the Development Research Centre of the State Council of China.
Both the countries agreed to enhance cooperation between the financial regulators and enterprises of the two countries in support of the building of the Closer Developmental Partnership.
The International Yoga Day will be organised jointly on 21 June 2015 in collaboration between the Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) and Yunnan National University.
Agreement on expanded Educational Exchange Programme to promote student exchanges in higher education.
The two sides will have the annual exchange of 200 youths from each side in the second half of 2015 as part of the India-China Cultural Exchange Initiative.
Agreements related to establishing provincial partnership between Karnataka and Sichuan and sister-city relationships between Aurangabad – Dunhuang, Chennai – Chongqing and Hyderabad – Qingdao were signed.
India-China Think Tanks Forum will be established to foster closer dialogue and mutual understanding between the two countries. The forum will meet annually, alternately in India and China.
It was agreed to institutionalize the High Level Media Forum and tasked the Ministry of External Affairs of India and the State Council Information Office of China to convene it on an annual basis, alternately in India and China.
Action Plan on the establishment of Mahatma Gandhi National Institute for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship at Gandhinagar/Ahmedabad in Gujarat was signed.
It was agreed to initiate cooperation in development of smart cities with identification of GIFT City in India and Shenzhen in China as pilot smart cities for joint demonstration projects.
The 2015-2020 Space Cooperation Outline was signed between the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) of the Republic of India and China National Space Administration of the People’s Republic of China to reinforce the cooperation in the field of Satellite Remote Sensing, Space-Based meteorology, Space Science, Lunar and Deep Space Exploration, Satellite Navigation, Space Components, Piggy-back Launching Services, and Education and Training.
It was agreed to further strengthen cooperation through the Expert-Level Mechanism on the provision of flood-season hydrological data and emergency management.
The two sides agreed to hold negotiation on augmenting the list of traded commodities and expand border trade at Nathu La, Qiangla/Lipu-Lekh Pass and Shipki La passes to transform the border into a bridge of cooperation and exchanges.
China agreed to allow Indian pilgrims to use the Nathu La Pass (Sikkim) route for Kailash Manasarover Yatra (Gang Renpoche and Mapam Yun Tso Pilgrimage) in 2015.
They agreed to further strengthen coordination and cooperation in multilateral forums including RIC (Russia, India and China), BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and India) and G20 to promote the interests of developing countries and the building of a better world. India agreed to support China in hosting the G20 summit in 2016.
A bilateral consultative mechanism on WTO (World Trade Organisation) related issues will be launched for enhancing coordination in the context of global trade talks.
The two sides agreed to work together with relevant parties to accelerate the preparation for establishment of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) to promote regional infrastructure and economic development.
A Joint Statement on Climate Change was issued which underscored the importance of working together and with other countries to conclude an ambitious, comprehensive, universal, balanced and equitable climate agreement at the forthcoming CoP (Conference of Parties) 21 to UNFCCC to be held in Paris in late 2015.
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Who: India and China
When: 15 May 2015