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India ranked 155th in global Environment Performance Index

Jan 27, 2014 16:20 IST

The Environmental Performance Index (EPI) 2014 was released on 25 January 2014. As per the Index, India was ranked 155 out of 178 countries with an index score of 31.23 points in its efforts to address environmental challenges.


India was ranked behind neighbouring countries China at 118, Pakistan at 148 and Nepal at 139 respectively.


Among the BRICS countries, South Africa was placed at 72nd position, followed by Russia (73), Brazil (77) and China (118).

 

image EPI ranks how well countries perform on high-priority environmental issues mainly in the areas of protection of human health from environmental harm and protection of ecosystems.


Other highlights of the EPI


•    The two objectives that provide the overarching structure of the 2014 EPI are Environmental Health and Ecosystem Vitality.
•    The 178 nations in the index represent 99 per cent of the global population, 98 per cent of the world's total land area, and 97 per cent of the global GDP.
•    The country with the highest EPI is Switzerland which is followed by Luxembourg, Australia, Singapore, and Czech Republic.
•    The bottom five performers in the EPI are Somalia, Mali, Haiti, Lesotho, and Afghanistan. All the low performers are grappling with civil unrest, significant economic development pressures, and political turmoil.
•    Urbanisation without sufficient investment in environmental safeguards is the key reason for emerging economies' poor showing when it comes to air quality, biodiversity and habitat protection.


About EPI


The EPI is prepared by Yale and Columbia Universities in collaboration with the World Economic Forum (WEF) as well as with support from the Samuel Family Foundation and the McCall MacBain Foundation.


The Environmental Performance Index (EPI) is constructed through the calculation and aggregation of 20 indicators reflecting national-level environmental data. These indicators are combined into nine issue categories, each of which fit under one of two overarching objectives.

imageThe list is given below:


I – Environmental Health
i) Health Impact
a)    Child Mortality


ii) Air Quality
a)    Household Air Quality
b)    Air Pollution PM 2.5 Exposure


iii) Water and Sanitation
a)    Access to Sanitation
b)    Access to drinking water


II- Ecosystem Vitality

iv) Water resources
a)    Wastewater treatment


v) Agriculture
a)    Agricultural subsidies
b)    Pesticide regulation


vi) Forests
a)    Change in Forest cover


vii) Fisheries
a)    Coastal shelf fishing pressure
b)    Fish stock


viii) Biodiversity and Habitat
a)    Terrestrial Protected Areas
b)    Critical Habitat Protection
c)    Marine Protected Areas


ix) Climate and energy
a)     Climate + energy

 

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Read more Current Affairs on: Environmental Performance Index , India , World Economic Forum , BRICS

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