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Levels & Trends in Child Mortality Report 2015 released

Sep 10, 2015 10:03 IST

The Levels & Trends in Child Mortality Report 2015 was released on 9 September 2015 by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation.

The Group consists of the World Health Organisation (WHO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the World Bank Group and the Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA).

The report estimated that child (0-5 years) mortality rates (U5MR) in 2015 have plummeted to less than half of what they were in 1990.

Highlights of the Report

• Substantial global progress has been made in reducing child deaths since 1990. The number of under-five deaths worldwide has declined from 12.7 million in 1990 to 5.9 million in 2015 – 16000 every day compared with 35000 in 1990.
• Since 1990, the global under-five mortality rate has dropped 53 percent, from 91 (Boy-89, Girl- 92) deaths per 1000 live births in 1990 to 43 (41, 46) in 2015.
• Promisingly, sub-Saharan Africa, the region with the highest under-five mortality rate in the world, has also registered a substantive acceleration. Its annual rate of reduction increased from 1.6 percent in 1990s to 4.1 percent in 2000–2015.
• The remarkable decline in under-five mortality since 2000 has saved the lives of 48 million children under age five – children who would not have survived to see their fifth birthday if the under-five mortality rate from 2000 onward remained at the same level as in 2000.
• Between 1990 and 2015, 62 of the 195 countries with available estimates met the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 4 target of a two-thirds reduction in the under-five mortality rate between 1990 and 2015. Among them, 24 are low- and lower-middle income countries.
• Despite these gains, progress remains insufficient to reach MDG 4 globally and in many regions, particularly in Caucasus and Central Asia, Oceania, Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.
• 1 child in 12 in sub-Saharan Africa dies before his or her fifth birthday – far higher than the average ratio of 1 in 147 in high-income countries. Southern Asia has the second-highest under-five mortality rate in the world – about 1 child in 19 dies before age five.
• Globally, the neonatal (0-28 days) mortality rate fell from 36 (35, 38) deaths per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 19 (18, 21) in 2015, and the number of neonatal deaths declined from 5.1 (4.9, 5.3) million to 2.7 (2.5, 2.9) million.
• Most child deaths are caused by diseases that are readily preventable or treatable with proven, cost-effective and quality-delivered interventions. Infectious diseases and neonatal complications are responsible for the vast majority of under-five deaths globally.
• To achieve the SDG target of an under-five mortality rate of 25 or fewer deaths per 1,000 live births by 2030, a total of 47 countries need to increase their pace of progress.

Report with respect to India

• India registered rapid progress in preventing child mortality rate.
• In 1990, U5MR was 126. In 2000, it declined to 91 and in 2015 it was further declined to 48 against the UN MDG target of 42.
• Between 1990 and 2015, India could register 3.9 percent annual rate of reduction in U5M deaths.
• 1.2 million U5M deaths occurred during 2015 against 3.3 million in 1990.
• Among boys, U5MR was 122 in 1990 and 46 in 2015.
• Among girls, U5MR was 130 in 1990 and 49 in 2015.
• IMR (0-1 years) was recorded as 88 in 1990 and as 38 in 2015.
• Number of IM deaths came down from 2.3 million in 1990 to 0.9 million in 2015.
• Neonatal Mortality Rate was 57 (per 1000 live births) in 1990 and 28 in 2015.
• NMR deaths were 1.5 million in 1990 and around 0.7 million in 2015.

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Read more Current Affairs on: child deaths , infant mortality , WHO , UN report , U5MR

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