The Cabinet Committee on Skill Development on 19 December 2013 approved the National Skills Qualifications Framework (NSQF). It is a quality assurance framework, which organizes qualifications according to a series of levels of knowledge, skills and aptitude.
NSQF levels can be defined as the learning outcomes that a learner must possess regardless how they have acquired it may be through a formal means of learning or a non-formal or informal learning.
It will help in shifting the emphasis to outcome, which is based learning – both in the general and vocational space. The lack in uniformity in qualifications across institutions leads to a problem in establishment of equivalence of certificates/ diplomas/degrees in different parts of India turn impacts in the employment and mobility to the students. NSQF would help in tackling the challenge.
This often leads to problems in establishing equivalence of certificates/diplomas/degrees in different parts of the country, which in turn impacts the employability and mobility of students. By shifting the focus from inputs to learning outcomes, the NSQF would aim to tackle this challenge.
NSQF will also facilitate Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) that is largely lacking in the present education and training scenario. It would help alignment of Indian qualifications to international qualifications. The NSQF will allow people to move between education, vocational training and work at different stages in lives and help them in credit accumulation and transfer system as per the needs and convenience.
The National Skill Development Agency (NSDA), an autonomous body attached to the Ministry of Finance will anchor and operationalise the framework. NSDA is mandated to coordinate and harmonize skill development efforts of the Government of India and the private sector.
National Skills Qualifications Framework is a nationally integrated education and competency based skill framework which will provide multiple pathways, horizontal as well as vertical, both within vocational education and vocational training and among vocational education, vocational training, general education and technical education, thus linking one level of learning to another higher level. There are 10 levels in the framework, with the entry level being 1, and the highest level being 10. This will enable a person to acquire desired competency levels, transit to the job market and, at an opportune time, return for acquiring additional skills to further upgrade competencies.
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