Top 5 Current Affairs: 21 November 2018
The Australian Government has announced that it would not sign the UN Global Compact for Migration saying that the agreement would undermine its existing immigration policies. Australia's harsh immigration policy detains asylum-seekers who try to reach the country by boat on remote Pacific islands.
Australia refuses to sign UN migration pact
The Australian Government announced on November 21, 2018 that it would not sign the UN Global Compact for Migration saying that the agreement would undermine its existing immigration policies.
According to the Australian government, the nation’s immigration policy already promotes safe, orderly and regular migration. The government feels that adopting the pact would risk encouraging illegal entry to Australia and reverse the hard-won successes in combating the people-smuggling trade.
Australia's harsh immigration policy detains asylum-seekers who try to reach the country by boat on remote Pacific islands.
UN environment Chief Erik Solheim resigns amid audit on travel expenses
UN Environment Chief Erik Solheim resigned from his post on November 20, 2018 following an audit report questioning his huge travel expenses. In an official statement, Solheim said that he had received the final audit report of his travel expenses and after deep reflection, he decided to step down.
A UN audit had found that Solheim had spent nearly five lakh US dollar on travel. These unjustified travel expenses raised accusations that the Environment chief showed little regard for the environment and efforts to reduce carbon emissions generated by air travel. They come at a time when the world body is struggling with shrinking budgets.
Gujarat launches intensive project to conserve Gir lions
Gujarat government on November 20, 2018 launched a Rs 351-crore project for the conservation of the Gir lions. The project is launched in the backdrop of the Canine Distemper Virus (CDV) outbreak that claimed 23 Asiatic lions lives in their only dwelling Gir National park in Saurashtra.
This intensive project will also include an emergency ambulance van akin to the 108 emergency services. Canine distemper is a viral disease that affects a wide variety of animal families, including domestic and wild species of dogs, coyotes, foxes, pandas, wolves, ferrets, skunks, raccoons, and large cats, as well as pinnipeds, some primates, and a variety of other species.
WB passes bill to give land rights to enclave dwellers
To end an era of undecided future for the people residing West Bengal (WB) enclaves, the WB Assembly unanimously passed a bill to provide land rights to enclave dwellers in north Bengal.
The bill was moved by Minister of State for Land and Land Reforms Chandrima Bhattacharya, the West Bengal Land Reforms (Amendment) Bill, 2018, was passed in the House unopposed. The WB Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee termed it as a “historic Bill” that would help the enclave dwellers to get full-fledged status as citizens of India, along with all civic amenities and citizenship rights.
26th General Conference on Weights and Measures redefines standard definition of Kg
The 26th meeting of the General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) was held from November 13-16, 2018 at Palais des Congrés, Versailles, France. The CGPM is the highest international body of the world for accurate and precise measurements.
The 26th CGPM was special and historic, as the members voted for the redefinition of 130-years-old “Le grand K – the SI unit of kg” in terms of the fundamental Planck’s constant (h). The new definitions will come into force on May 20, 2019.