Top 5 Current Affairs: 5 December 2017

Dec 5, 2017 17:10 IST
Top 5 Current Affairs: 5 December 2017

World Soil Day observed globally

The World Soil Day was observed across the world on 5 December 2017 with the theme ‘Caring for the Planet starts from the Ground’.

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the soil holds three times as much carbon as the atmosphere and can help us meet the challenges of a changing climate.

However, despite the essential role that soil plays in the lives of people, there is a worldwide increase in degradation of soil resources due to inappropriate management practices, population pressure driving unsustainable intensification and inadequate governance over this essential resource.

Veteran Bollywood actor Shashi Kapoor dies at 79

Veteran Bollywood actor of the 70s Shashi Kapoor passed away on 4 December 2015 following a prolonged illness at the Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital in Mumbai. He was 79.

Born on 18 March 1938 to film actor Prithviraj Kapoor, Shashi Kapoor hit the theatre at the age of four. He acted in plays directed and produced by his father. He began his acting career as a child artiste in Raj Kapoor's films ‘Aag’ and ‘Awara’ in the late '40s.

Shashi Kapoor was known for his line 'Mere Paas Maa Hai'.

Venezuela to launch ‘Petro’ cryptocurrency to combat US blockade

Nicolas Maduro, Venezuelan President, has declared that Venezuela will be introducing a digital currency called the “petro” in a desperate bid to evade strict US sanctions. He said that he intended to roll out ‘Petro’ a cryptocurrency backed by Venezuela’s oil, mineral and gold reserves.

The Government, while referring to US sanctions imposed, said that the petro would help Venezuela to make financial transactions and overcome the financial blockade. However, experts are skeptical the move will fix the country’s ailing economy.

The petro will be backed by gold, oil and mineral reserves.

Jupiter’s Moon may have similar plate tectonics as Earth

According to a new research, the icy shell of Jupiter’s moon Europa may have plate tectonics similar to those on Earth, which could have important implications for the possibility of life in the ocean thought to exist beneath the moon's surface.

The study used computer modelling to show that subduction, when a tectonic plate slides underneath another and sinks deep into a planet's interior, is physically possible in Europa's ice shell as well. The study was published in the Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets.

The findings support earlier studies of Europa's surface geology that found regions where the moon's ice shell was noted to be expanding in a similar way to the mid-ocean spreading ridges on Earth.

India and Germany sign Government to Government Umbrella Agreement

India and Germany on 4 December 2017 signed the Government to Government Umbrella Agreement concerning the Financial Cooperation in 2016 (II) under the Indo-German Development Cooperation.

The agreement was signed to formalize an amount up to 200 million Euros for the financial cooperation in form of loan for the project ‘Climate Friendly Urban Mobility III’ and 11 million Euros in form of grant for four projects.

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