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Union Government approved Transit Oriented Development policy for Delhi

Jul 15, 2015 15:15 IST

Union Ministry of Urban Development on 14 July 2015 approved the Transit Oriented Development (TOD) Policy for Delhi. The policy was approved as part of review of Master Plan for Delhi – 2021.

The policy aims to address the growing problems of pollution, congestion and shortage of homes for the poor and middle class in the state.

An official release issued by Urban Development Ministry in New Delhi said that the TOD is a key policy initiative for low-carbon, high-density and compact living spaces. The TOD zone would comprise approximately 20 percent of Delhi’s overall area.

Features of the Transit Oriented Development (TOD) Policy
• The Floor Area Ratio (FAR) for constructions around Mass Rapid Transit System (MRTS) has been almost doubled to 400. This will help to address the issues of traffic congestion and shortage of housing in Delhi by allowing more vertical constructions required to address to address the land availability shortage.
• These higher FAR can be availed only for plots of area of 1 hectare (Ha) or more for which a comprehensive integrated scheme has to be prepared. In contrast, the minimum scheme area for undertaking redevelopment outside TOD zone is 4 Ha.
• The development under the TOD policy can be taken up in phases for minimum plot size of 3000 square meter at a time.
• Minimum scheme area for development by Mass Rapid Transit System (MRTS) agencies such as DMRC, Rapid Rail Transit System (RRTS) and Railways will be 3000 square meter.
• It allows mixed land use and sustainable inhabitation with minimised travel time for citizens and easy availability of public transport.
• The influence zone in the TOD policy will be 500 metre on both side of metro corridor.
• Entire approved layout plan of a scheme will be included in influence zone if more than 50 percent of the plan area falls inside the influence zone.
• It will be mandatory to use a minimum of 30 percent of overall FAR for residential use, a minimum of 10 percent of FAR for commercial use and a minimum of 10 percent of FAR for community facilities.
• Utilization of remaining 50 percent FAR shall be as per the land use category designated in the Zonal Plan.
• 20 percent of land shall be used for roads/circulation areas; 20percent area for green open space shall be kept open for general public use at all times; while another 10percent area of green area may be for exclusive use.
• MRTS agencies exempted from providing the mandatory 30 percent residential component which is part of the TOD norms applicable to all other Developer Entities (DEs).
• Increase in safety especially for women and children using public transport or walking at night shall be facilitated through changes in key Development Code aspects
• In a significant pro-poor and pro middle class measure which will further the objectives of ‘Housing For All’ Mission, the size of EWS units under TOD policy has been kept between 32-40 square meter.
• Out of 1 Ha area that is to be developed under TOD norms, 45 percent (18000 square meters) of built up area has to be used for providing housing units for the poor and middle class.

However, TOD norms will not be applicable in Lutyens Bungalow Zone, Civil Lines Bungalows Area, Monument regulated zone Zone 'O' (around the Yamuna river) and Low Density Residential Area.

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