List of 7 major natural disasters in the history of India
Natural disasters are beyond the control of human beings. Many disasters are a consequence of man-made activities. But some disasters are caused due to natural bahaviour. India has faced some very deadly disasters in its history.
In this article, we have published the top deadly natural disasters in the history of India. But before coming to the point we need to know the definition of the natural disaster.
A natural disaster is a natural event that causes great damage to the property or loss of human life.
Examples of Natural Disaster: Volcano, flood, Tsunami, and Earthquakes, or hurricane or cyclone etc.
Let us study them one by one;
1.Kashmir Floods disaster, 2014
Affected Areas: Rajouri, Srinagar, Bandipur etc.
Number of deaths: 550+
Cause: continuous torrential rainfall and swelling of Jhelum River
This flood caused a huge loss to the lives of the Kashmir region in September 2014. The water of the Jhelum river swelled due to continuous torrential rainfall.
That is why water entered into the residential areas of the Kashmir region. Indian army helped a lot to the stranded residents of this region. Around 550 people lost their lives and damage of properties was estimated between Rs. 5000 cr and 6000 cr.
2. Uttarakhand Flash Floods, 2013
Affected Areas: It affected 12 out of 13 districts of the state. Four districts were worst affected namely; Rudraprayag, Uttarkashi, Pithoragarh, and Chamoli.
Number of deaths: 5,700 plus
Cause: Heavy rainfall, massive Landslides
Uttarakhand Flash Flood is among the most disastrous floods in the history of India. Uttarakhand received heavy rainfall, massive Landslides in June 2013.
The flash floods and landslides continued from 14 to 17 June. Around 1 lac pilgrims were trapped in the Kedarnath shrine.
3. Bihar flood disaster 2007
Affected Areas: Name of worst affected districts are Bhagalpur, East Champaran, Darbhanga, Patna, Muzaffarpur, Saharsa, Sitamarhi, and Supaul etc.
Number of deaths: Aboud 1,287 peoples and thousands of livestock lost their life
Cause: five times more rainfall than the monthly average of 30 years
Bihar flood disaster 2007 was described as the worst flood in the "living memory" of Bihar by the United Nations. It affected 19 districts of Bihar.
Bihar flood had affected an estimated 10 million people in the entire state. There are about 29,000 houses were destroyed and 44,000 houses were damaged, around 4822 villages and 1 crore hectares of farmland damaged by this flood.
4. The Indian Ocean Tsunami 2004
Affected Areas: Southern India and Andaman Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep island, Indonesia, Sri Lanka etc.
Number of deaths: 2.30 lac
This deadliest Tsunami started on the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. Overall it affected around 12 countries and killed more than 2.3 lac people.
The magnitude of this tsunami was between 9.1 and 9.3 and it continued around 10 minutes. As per research it was the third-largest earthquake in the world ever recorded.
5. Gujarat Earthquake,2001
Affected Areas: Kutch, Ahmedabad, Bhuj, Gandhinagar, Surat, Surendranagar, Rajkot, Jamnagar etc.
The number of deaths: Around 20,000, injured 167,000 and nearly 400,000 became homeless.
This was the day of India’s 51st Republic Day celebration on January 26, 2001. Suddenly, Bhachau Taluka of Kutch (Gujarat) experienced an earthquake of 7.6 to 7.9 on the Richter Scale and lasted for 120 seconds.
This disaster killed around 20,000, injured 167,000 and nearly 400,000 people became homeless.
6. Super Cyclone, Odisha 1999
Affected Areas: The coastal districts of Kendrapara, Bhadrak, Balasore, Kendrapara, Jagatsinghpur, Ganjam and Puri etc.
Number of deaths: Around 15,000+
Super Cyclone of 1999 was the most dangerous tropical cyclone in the North Indian Ocean. Its speed was 260 km/h. It affected not only India but also Bangladesh, Myanmar, and Thailand.
As per the estimation around 15000 people died, around 1.67 million people became homeless, and more than 2.75 lac houses were destroyed.
7. Great Bengal Famine 1770
Affected Areas: West Bengal (Birbhum and Murshidabad), Bihar (Tirhut, Champaran, and Bettiah), Odisha, and Bangladesh
Number of deaths: Around 1 crore
Nobel laureate Indian economist Amartya Sen describes this famine as a man-made disaster. It was caused due to a combination of exploitative policies of the British East India Company and weather.
This famine was started in 1769 from a failed monsoon which continued for two consecutive seasons till 1773. During the full span of this famine around 10 million died due to hunger.