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List of Officers in Mughal Administration

30-OCT-2017 14:43

    The Mughal Empire was essentially military in nature where the word of the emperor was law. The administrative structure was highly centralized as viewed by historians like Irfan Habib, Athar Ali, etc. Mughal Empire was divided into Suba; Suba was further divided into Sarkar, Pargana and Village. However, it also heads other territorial units such as Khalisa (Royal land), Jagirs (autonomous rajas) and Inams (gifted lands, many waste lands). There were 15 suba at the end of Akbar reign, which later increased to 20 under Aurangzeb. Here, we are giving the list of officers in Mughal Administration for general awareness.

    Mughal Administration

    List of Officers in Mughal Administration

    Administrative Unit

    Officers

    Province (Suba)

    1. Sipahsalar: Head executive (Under Akbar and later was known as Nizam of Subedar)

    2. Diwan: Incharge of revenue department

    3. Bakshi: Incharge of military department

    District (Sarkar)

    1. Fauzdar: Administrative Head

    2. Amal/Amalguzar: Revenue collection

    3. Kotwal: Maintenance of law and order, trail of criminal cases and price regulation.

    Pargana

    1. Shiqdar: Administrative head combined in himself the duties of fauzdar and kotwal

    2. Amin Qanungo: Revenue officials.

    Village

    1. Muqaddam: Headman

    2. Patwari: Accountant

    3. Chowkidar: Watchman

    The Mughal ruled for around 200 years. The Mughal Rulers built an empire and laid the foundations of administration upon which the British built further. In the above list of officers in Mughal Administration will enhance the general knowledge of the readers.

    Mughal Administration: Key Features & Structure

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