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List of Trade Unions of India

20-SEP-2016 09:50

    Trade Unions in India are registered and file annual returns under the Trade Union Act (1926). Statistics on Trade Unions are collected annually by the Labour Bureau of the Ministry of Labour, Government of India. Congress associated, the Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC) is assumed as the biggest of the seven central trade unions, with a membership of 33.3 million.

    Meaning of Trade Union:- Trade union is an association of either of employees or employers or of independent workers. It is formed to secure certain economic, social benefits of the workers.

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    Trade Union Amendment Act, 2001:-

    Indian parliament had passed the trade union amendment bill, 2000. The bill was introduced with objectives to

    (a) To control multiplicity of trade unions
    (b) Establishing industrial democracy
    (c) Encourage well managed expansion of trade unions.

    The amended act was introduced after incorporating the recommendations of the Ramanujan Committee. The act has following recommendations:-

    1. Minimum 10% of total labour force or 100 workers in an organization (whichever is less) must be required to form trade union.
    2. Number of members should not be less than 7 in any organization.
    3. At least 5 members or 1\3 rd (whichever is less) should be employees of the same.
    4. Annual contribution for trade union should not be less than Rs. 12.

    List of main trade unions is given below:

    Top Nine Trade Unions of India

    S. No.

    Trade Union

    Year of Establishment

    H. Q.

    Political Affiliation

    Membership (Million)

    1.

     All India Trade Union  Congress (AITUC)

    1920

    New Delhi

    CPI

    14.2

    2.

    Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC)

    May 3, 1947

    New Delhi

    Indian National Congress

    33.3

    3.

    Bhartiya Mazdoor Sangh (BMS)

    July 27, 1955

    New Delhi

    BJP

    17.1 

    4.

    Centre for Indian Trade Unions (CITU)

    1970

    New Delhi

    CPM

    5.7

    5.

    Hind Mazdoor Sabha (HMS)

    Dec. 24, 1948

    New Delhi

    Samajvadi

    9.1

    6.

    All India Trade Union Centre (AIUTUC)

    April 26-27, 1958

    Kolkata

    Socialist Unity Centre of India(Marxist)

    4.7

    7.

    Self-employed Women's Association of India (SEWA)

    1972

    Ahmedabad


    1.3

    8.

    Trade Union Coordination Centre

    1970

    NA

    AIFB

    1.6

    9.

    All India Central Council of Trade Union

    May 1989

    NA

    CPI (M-L)

    2.5

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