List of Trade Unions of India

Trade Unions in India are registered and file annual returns under the Trade Union Act (1926). Statistics on Trade Unions are collected annually by the Labour Bureau of the Ministry of Labour, Government of India. Congress associated, the Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC) is assumed as the biggest of the seven central trade unions, with a membership of 33.3 million.
Created On: Sep 20, 2016 09:50 IST
Modified On: Mar 9, 2017 15:07 IST

Trade Unions in India are registered and file annual returns under the Trade Union Act (1926). Statistics on Trade Unions are collected annually by the Labour Bureau of the Ministry of Labour, Government of India. Congress associated, the Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC) is assumed as the biggest of the seven central trade unions, with a membership of 33.3 million.

Meaning of Trade Union:- Trade union is an association of either of employees or employers or of independent workers. It is formed to secure certain economic, social benefits of the workers.

Fundamental Rights of Foreigners in India

Trade Union Amendment Act, 2001:-

Indian parliament had passed the trade union amendment bill, 2000. The bill was introduced with objectives to

(a) To control multiplicity of trade unions
(b) Establishing industrial democracy
(c) Encourage well managed expansion of trade unions.

The amended act was introduced after incorporating the recommendations of the Ramanujan Committee. The act has following recommendations:-

1. Minimum 10% of total labour force or 100 workers in an organization (whichever is less) must be required to form trade union.
2. Number of members should not be less than 7 in any organization.
3. At least 5 members or 1\3 rd (whichever is less) should be employees of the same.
4. Annual contribution for trade union should not be less than Rs. 12.

List of main trade unions is given below:

Top Nine Trade Unions of India

S. No.

Trade Union

Year of Establishment

H. Q.

Political Affiliation

Membership (Million)

1.

 All India Trade Union  Congress (AITUC)

1920

New Delhi

CPI

14.2

2.

Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC)

May 3, 1947

New Delhi

Indian National Congress

33.3

3.

Bhartiya Mazdoor Sangh (BMS)

July 27, 1955

New Delhi

BJP

17.1 

4.

Centre for Indian Trade Unions (CITU)

1970

New Delhi

CPM

5.7

5.

Hind Mazdoor Sabha (HMS)

Dec. 24, 1948

New Delhi

Samajvadi

9.1

6.

All India Trade Union Centre (AIUTUC)

April 26-27, 1958

Kolkata

Socialist Unity Centre of India(Marxist)

4.7

7.

Self-employed Women's Association of India (SEWA)

1972

Ahmedabad


1.3

8.

Trade Union Coordination Centre

1970

NA

AIFB

1.6

9.

All India Central Council of Trade Union

May 1989

NA

CPI (M-L)

2.5

Economy quiz

Salient Features of Indian Economy