Jagran Josh Logo
  1. Home
  2.  |  
  3. GK for Exams

The Mesolithic Age

02-MAY-2015 16:39

    Overview

    The Mesolithic Age, which means Middle Stone Age, was the second part of the Stone Age. This age is characterized by the use of Microliths (small bladed stone tools).   

    Key points related to this period are as following:

    • In India, it spanned around 9,000 B.C. to 4,000 B.C. This age was a transitional phase between the Paleolithic Age and the Neolithic Age
    • The people of this age lived on hunting, fishing, and food gathering initially but later on they also domesticated animals
    • The characteristic tools of this age were Microliths
    • The people of this age practised painting. The paintings depicted birds, animals, and human beings. A considerable number of painted rock shelters have been found in Bhimbetka, Madhya Pradesh
    • Mesolithic sites have been found in Rajasthan, south of the river Krishna, central and eastern parts of India, and also in southern Uttar Pradesh
    • Bagor in Rajasthan and Adamgarh in Madhya Pradesh are examples of Mesolithic sites in India

    In Detail

    The Mesolithic Age (9000 BC to 4000 BC), which means Middle Stone Age, was the second part of the Stone Age. This age is characterized by the appearance of Microliths (small bladed stone tools).

    This age was a transitional phase between the Paleolithic Age and the Neolithic Age. The people of this age lived on hunting, fishing, and food gathering and later on they also domesticated animals. Thus, it has the characteristics of both the Paleolithic Age and the Neolithic Age.

    The word Mesolithic is a combination of Meso+lithic. The word Meso means middle. It is a Greek word. The word lithic is related to the use of stone implements in a specified cultural period. It originated from the Greek word lithikos which means stone.

    Chronology

    In India, it spanned around 9000 B.C. to 4000 B.C.

    Characteristics

    The Mesolithic Age was a transitional phase between the Paleolithic Age and the Neolithic Age. It has the characteristics of both the Paleolithic Age and the Neolithic Age. The people of this age lived on hunting, fishing, and food gathering while at a later stage they also domesticated animals.

    Tools: The people of this age used microliths.

    Art: The people of this age practiced painting. Their paintings depicted birds, animals, and human beings.

    Geographical Location
    In India, Mesolithic sites have been found south of the river Krishna, Rajasthan, southern Uttar Pradesh as well as in central and eastern parts of India.

    Successor

    The Mesolithic Age was succeeded by the Neolithic Age.

    The list of Mesolithic sites, their locations, and characteristics are given below:

    Name of Mesolithic Sites

    Location

    Characteristics

    Bagor

    Rajasthan

    It had a microlithic industry and its people lived on hunting and pastoralism.

    Adamgarh

    Madhya Pradesh

    It shows the earliest evidence for the domestication of animals.

    Bhimbetka

    Madhya Pradesh

    It has more than 500 painted rock shelters.

    Langhnaj

    Gujarat

    Provides the earliest evidence of burial of the dead.

    Mohrana Pahara

    Mirzapur, Uttar Pradesh

    Provides the earliest evidence of burial.

     

    Latest Videos

    Register to get FREE updates

      All Fields Mandatory
    • (Ex:9123456789)
    • Please Select Your Interest
    • Please specify

    • By clicking on Submit button, you agree to our terms of use
      ajax-loader
    • A verifcation code has been sent to
      your mobile number

      Please enter the verification code below

    Newsletter Signup
    Follow us on