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General Knowledge for Competitive Exams

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List of Ancient Astronomers and their contribution

2 days ago
The 4th and 6th century AD considered as 'Golden Age of India' because between these centuries, India had immense achievement in the fields of mathematics, astronomy, sculpting and painting. Here, we are giving the list of Ancient Astronomers and their contribution for enhancing the knowledge of the reading about the ancient glory of India.

Indo-Greek Kingdom | Hellenistic Kings and their Contributions

Dec 12, 2017
The Indo-Greek Kingdom or Greco-Indian Kingdom ruled over the northwest regions of the Indian Subcontinent (mainly modern Afghanistan and Pakistan, along with parts of north-western India) during the last two centuries BC. Indo-Greek rulers have been mentioned as 'Yavanas' in the Indian literature. The Kings of the Indo-Greek Kingdom, rulers and their contribution are given for the general awareness.

Satavahana Dynasty | List of Satavahanas Rulers and their contributions

Dec 8, 2017
The Satavahanas dynasty played the most significant role in Indian history in the period between the fall of the Mauryas and the rise of the Gupta Empire. They were also called as the Andhras in Deccan and their capital was at Paithan or Pratishthan. The Andhras were ancient people and they are mentioned in the Aitareya Brahmana. Here, we are giving the list of Satavahanas Rulers and their contributions for general awareness.

Pallavas Dynasty | List of Pallavas Rulers of Kanchipuram and their contributions

Dec 8, 2017
The Pallava Dynasty was one of the South Indian ruling dynasties which gained prominence after the eclipse of the Satavahanas dynasty, whom the Pallavas served as feudatories. They were patronage of architecture, the finest example being the Shore Temple, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mahabalipuram. Here we are giving the list of Pallavas Rulers of Kanchipuram and their contributions for general awareness.

Pandya Dynasty | List of Pandya Rulers and their contributions

Dec 8, 2017
The Pandya Kingdom was first mentioned by Megasthenese who said that their kingdom was famous for pearls. They occupied the region of the modern districts of Tirunelveli, Ramnad and Madurai in Tamil Nadu. Madurai was their capital, situated on the bank of river Vagai. Here, we are giving the list of Pandya Rulers and their contributions for general awareness.

Chera Dynasty | List of Chera Rulers and their contributions

Dec 8, 2017
The Chera Dynasty was one of the three major Kingdoms of Tamilkam and ruled over the present-day state of Kerala and to a lesser extent, parts of Tamil Nadu in South India. The word Chera probably derived from Cheral, meaning "declivity of a mountain" in ancient Tamil. They were also known as ‘Keraputras’ and their kingdom was situated to the west and north of the Pandya kingdom. Here, we are giving the list of Chera Rulers and their contributions for general awareness.

Pala Dynasty |List of Pala Rulers and their contributions

Dec 8, 2017
The Pala Dynasty, which originated in the region of Bengal as an imperial power during the Late Classical period on the Indian subcontinent. The dynasty was named after its ruling dynasty, whose rulers bore names ending with the suffix of Palau, which meant "protector". They were followers of the Mahayana and Tantric schools of Buddhism. They were insightful diplomats and military conquerors. Their army was equipped with war elephant cavalry. Here, we are giving the list of Pala Rulers and their contributions for general awareness.

Chalukya Dynasty| List of Chalukya Rulers and their contributions

Dec 8, 2017
The Chalukya Dynasty was one of the powerful dynasties of southern and central India between the 6th and the 12th century AD. The rule of this dynasty is marked an important milestone in the history of South India and a golden age in the history of Karnataka. Here, we are giving the list of Chalukya Rulers and their contribution for general awareness.

10 Ancient Discoveries and Inventions that has changed the Modern World

Dec 4, 2017
India is the land of World's first urban civilization and it witnessing the fusion of several customs and traditions, which are reflective of the rich culture and heritage of the Country. There are a lot of significant contributions that India has made to the world in the field of art, science, mathematics and so on. Here, we are giving 10 amazing Ancient Discoveries and Inventions that has changed the Modern World.

The History of the Indian Currency Notes and its Evolution

Nov 30, 2017
The origin of the word “Rupee” is from Sanskrit word Rupya which means shaped, stamped, impressed, coin and also from the Sanskrit word “raupya” which means silver. There was a long history of struggle, exploration and wealth which can be traced back to the ancient India of the 6th Century BC regarding rupee. The Paper Currency Act of 1861 gave the Government the monopoly of note issued throughout the vast expanse of British India.

List of Temples Built during the Chola Period

Oct 26, 2017
The Chola rulers were not only mighty conquerors and great administrators, but also great builders. They were great patrons of art; during their reign, the most magnificent temples and exquisite bronze icons were created in South India. These temples of Southern India represent an outstanding creative achievement in the architectural conception of the pure form of the Dravida type of temple which are now known as the "Great Living Chola Temples".Here, we are giving the list of temples built during the Chola Period for general awareness.

List of Vedic Literature| Sacred Hindu Scriptures

Jul 18, 2017
The term Veda means “Knowledge”. Vedic literatures are most important sources of knowledge about Aryans and Vedic period. The literature had grown in the course of many centuries and was handed down from generation to generation by word of mouth which also called shruti. Here is the list of Vedic literature which is very important for competitive examinations like UPSC, SSC, CDS, NDA, State Services, and Railways etc.

Janapadas and Mahajanapadas

Jul 12, 2017
The Janapadas were the major kingdoms of Vedic India. By the 6th century B.C. there were approximately 22 different Janapadas. With the development of iron in parts of UP and Bihar, the Janapadas became more powerful and turned into Mahajanapadas. There were sixteen such Mahajanapadas during 600 B.C. to 325 B.C. in Indian Sub-continent.

Sources of Mauryan History

Jul 6, 2017
The foundation of the Mauryan Empire opens a new era in the history of India. For the first time, the political unity was achieved in India. Moreover, the history writing has also become clear from this period due to accuracy in chronology and sources. Besides plenty of indigenous and foreign literary sources, a number of epigraphical records are also available to write the history of this period. Contemporary literature and Archaeological findings are crucial sources of information.

Summary on the Six Philosophical Systems or Shada Darsana of India

Jul 5, 2017
The rational investigation of questions about existence, knowledge and ethics is called Philosophy. In other word, it is a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school. Here, we are giving a detailed summary on the Six Philosophical System or Shada Darsan of Indian Philosophy.

List of Famous Indian mathematicians from Ancient to Modern India

Jun 23, 2017
Mathematics is a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement. The Aryabhata, Brahmagupta, Mahāvīra, Bhaskara II, Madhava of Sangamagrama and Nilakantha Somayaji are classical Indian mathematician whose contribution made immortal. Here, we are giving the list of Indian mathematicians from Ancient to Modern India with their contribution.

Ancient Philosophies of India

Jun 21, 2017
Philosophy is a belief (or system of beliefs) that deal with the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics. There are six schools of philosophy developed in India with the beginning of the Christian era such as 1) Yoga, 2) Nyaya, 3) Mimamsa, 4) Vedanta, 5) Vaisheshikha and 6) Samkhya. The exact dates of formalizing the six systems are not known, as the studies were originally purely oral, since writing had not yet been created. However, estimates generally range from about 2,000-3,000 or more years ago. Some say the roots of these are as much as 5,000-10,000 years ago, or more.

Buddhist Mudras, Hand Gestures and Meaning

May 10, 2017
The symbolic gestures (Mudras) through iconography of Buddha image to evoke particular ideas during Buddhist meditation or rituals. In Indian sculptural art, images are the symbolic representations of divinity whose origin and end is expressed through the religious and spiritual beliefs.

List of Ancient Janapadas and Mahajanapadas

Apr 18, 2017
The Janapadas and Mahajanapadas represent the state system of 600BC. The processes of emergence of Mahajanpadas were initiated by certain important economic changes and the consequent socio-political developments witnessed during the period. Here, we are giving the list of Ancient Janapadas and Mahajanapadas for better understanding of the ancient ruling style and monarchical condition.

Summary on Buddhism: Teaching of Buddha | Buddhist Council |Causes of Decline

Nov 23, 2016
Buddhism was atheistic in nature and accompanied by cosmic rise and fall. It never questioned on the existence of God but they believe that there is nothing like supernatural of different form man except in their greater happiness and power. Here, we are sharing summary of Buddhism that will help the aspirant to learn- what is Buddhism, teaching of Buddha, how it spread and its contribution on the Indian culture.

Summary on Jainism: Teaching of Mahavira | Spread of Jainism

Nov 23, 2016
Jainism made tremendous impact on the orthodox religious practices through heterodox sects. It advocated the interests of the people in a simple, short and intelligible way of salvation. Here, we are sharing the summary on Jainism along with the teaching of Mahavira and how it spread that will be very useful study material for the students who are preparing for the competitive examinations like UPSC, SSC, State Services, CDS, NDA and Railways.

Summary of the Vedic Age: Polity | Society | Position of Women

Nov 18, 2016
Rigveda, Samaveda, Yajurveda, Atharvaveda, the Brahamanas, the Aranyakas, Upanishads and Vedangas are most important sources of knowledge about Aryans and Vedic period. Here, we are giving the “Summary of the Vedic Age: Polity | Society | Position of Women” which is very useful for the aspirants who are preparing for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

Summary on the Dynasties of Sangam Age

Nov 11, 2016
Sangam Age was started from 3rd century to 4th century BC and it is called Sangam because age was referred to the Sangam academies of poets and scholars. Here, we are sharing the summary on the Dynasties of Sangam Age which very useful study material for the students who are preparing for the competitive examinations like UPSC, SSC, State Services, CDS, NDA and Railways.

List of Rig Vedic Gods & Goddesses

Nov 11, 2016
The Vedic People personified the natural forces and looked upon them as living beings to which they gave human or animal attributes. Here, we are giving the list of Rig Vedic Gods & Goddesses which very useful study material for the students who are preparing for the competitive examinations like UPSC, SSC, State Services, CDS, NDA and Railways.

5 Scientists from Ancient India

Nov 3, 2016
You will be surprised to know that a lot of scientific knowledge was evolved in ancient India, so many years ago. During this period Science and Mathematics were highly developed and Ancient Indians had contributed immensely. Ayurveda is the indigenous system of medicine that was developed in Ancient Period. Even the science of Yoga was also developed as an allied science of Ayurveda. In this article we will see the contributions of some scientists of ancient India.

Summary on the Rise and Growth of Magadha Empire

Oct 19, 2016
The Magadha Empire came into existence when the four Mahajanpada- Magadha, Kosala, Vatsa and Avanti engaged in the struggle for the supremacy from the 6th Century BC to 4th Century BC. Ultimately, Magadha emerged as the most powerful and prosperous kingdom in the North India. Here, we are giving the summary on the Rise and Growth of Magadha Empire for the quick revision that helps the aspirants in the preparation of the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

List of the Buddhist Councils| Venue, Patronage and Outcome

Oct 19, 2016
The Philosophy of Buddhism is to avoid the extremes of life, whether it is addiction to worldly pleasure of a life of painful asceticism and self-mortification. Here, we are giving the list of the Buddhist Councils as a quick revision capsule for examinations like UPSC, CDS, NDA, State Services, PSC, Railways etc.

List of Jain Trithankaras| Symbols and Disciple

Oct 17, 2016
Rishabha, who was the father of first Chakravarti King Bharata, founded the Jainism. All the trithakaras were belongs to Kshatriyas clan and Royal Family. Jainism became major religion under 24th trithankar Vardhaman Mahavir. Here, we are giving the list of Jain Trithankaras as a quick revision capsule which is very useful while preparing the examinations like UPSC, CDS, NDA, State Services, PSC, Railways etc.

Summary on the Stone Age India

Oct 17, 2016
The Stone Age is defined as the age when the pre-historic man began to use stones for utilitarian purpose. It is divided into three part- Palaeolithic Age or Old Stone Age, Mesolithic Age or Middle Stone Age and Neolithic Age or New Stone Age. Here, we are giving the summary on the Stone Age India as a quick revision capsule for examinations like UPSC, CDS, NDA, State Services, PSC, Railways etc.

List of Era’s in the Indian History & Time Line of Ancient Indian History

Oct 17, 2016
History is the whole series of past events connected with a particular person or thing. It also includes the contribution as well as the prehistoric settlements and societies in the Indian subcontinent. Here, we are giving the list of Era’s in the Indian History & Time Line of Ancient Indian History as a quick revision capsule which is very useful while preparing the examinations like UPSC, CDS, NDA, State Services, PSC, Railways etc.

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