Jagran Josh Logo
  1. Home
  2.  |  
  3. Geography

General Knowledge for Competitive Exams

Read: General Knowledge | General Knowledge Lists | Overview of India | Countries of World

Subcategories: Earth  | Atmosphere  | Indian Geography  |

List of Marine Protected Areas in India

2 days ago
The Marine Protected Area is the place in the ocean where exploitative human activities and interventions are strictly regulated just like in National Parks, sanctuaries and biosphere reserve. Find out the list of marine protected areas in India for general awareness.

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)

Dec 8, 2017
The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea is considered the “constitution of the oceans”. It is also known as the Law of the Sea Convention or the Law of the Sea treaty. Here, we are giving the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and its provision for the aspirants who are preparing for different competitive exams.

List of Ocean Ridges around the World

Dec 7, 2017
The Ocean Ridges are submarine mountain chain formed by plate tectonics. In other words, it is an underwater longest mountain range in the world. It demarcates the boundary between two plates. It is a divergent zone where Ocean plates are born, spreading apart from the central valley, or axial trough. Here, we are giving the concept of Ocean ridges, how Ocean ridges are formed and the list of Ocean ridges around the world for general awareness.

Inside our Earth

Dec 7, 2017
The earth is a dynamic planet because it is constantly undergoing changes inside and outside. The earth is made up of several concentric layers with one inside another. There are three types of layer- crust, mantle and core. The crust is the uppermost layer over the earth’s surface which is about 35 km on the continental masses and only 5 km on the ocean floors. The mantle has been just beneath the crust, which is extended up to a depth of 2900 km. below the crust.The innermost layer is the core, with a radius of about 3500 km.

Our Changing view of the Universe

Dec 7, 2017
The Greek astronomers thought that the earth was at the centre of the universe and the moon, the planets, the sun and stars were orbiting around it. In the 6th century, it was Aryabhatta who stated that the rotation of the heavenly bodies is due to the rotation of the earth around its axis. In the 15th century, Nicholas Copernicus opined that the sun was at the centre of the solar system and planets revolve around it. In the 16th century, Johannes Kepler discovered the laws of planetary orbits.

What are the differences between El Nino and La Nina?

Dec 4, 2017
The El Nino and La Nina are part of the global climate system which occurs when the Pacific Ocean and the atmosphere above it change from their neutral ('normal') state for several seasons. Here, we are giving the differences between El Nino and La Nina on the basis of meaning, Temperature at Sea Surface, Pressure, Trade winds, Seasons, Coriolis force, Ocean waters in the Pacific and cyclone for general awareness.

How does El Nino and La Nina impact on Indian Weather?

Nov 29, 2017
The Sea surface temperatures play a major role in global weather which influences two extreme phases of a naturally occurring climate cycle. I.e., El Nino/Southern Oscillation and La Nina. Both terms refer to large-scale changes in sea-surface temperature across the eastern tropical Pacific and the most powerful phenomenon of the Earth. Here, we are giving the write-up on the ‘How does El Nino and La Nina impact on Indian Weather?’ for general awareness.

Oceanic Topography: Typology and Significance

Nov 27, 2017
The relief features of the oceans are quite different from the continental features because the Oceanic crust is less than 60-70- million years old whereas continental features are of Proterozoic age (Over 1 Billion years old). Here, we are giving easy-to-learn write-up on the Oceanic topography along with typology and significance that will enhance the knowledge of aspirant who are preparing for different competitive exams.

Pharmaceutical Industries in India

Nov 27, 2017
India's Pharmaceutical Industry is leading manufacturers and is becoming global players, utilizing both organic growths, through the gradual development of their business. Currently, it represents just U.S. $6 billion of the $550 billion global pharmaceutical industry, but its share is increasing at 10 percent a year, compared to 7 percent annual growth in the world market overall. The “organized” sector of India's pharmaceutical industry consists of 250 to 300 companies, which account for 70 percent of products on the market, with the top 10 firms representing 30 per cent.

Agro-Based Industries in India

Nov 27, 2017
The agro-based industry includes indutries related to textiles, sugar, paper and vegetable oil. These industries use agricultural products as their raw materials. Textile industry is the largest industry in the organized sector. It comprises of (i) cotton textiles, (ii) woollen textiles, (iii) silk textiles (iv) synthetic fibres and (v) jute textile industries. Textiles have been a major component of the industrial sector. It accounts for nearly a fifth of the industrial output and a third of the export earnings.

El Nino and La Nina

Nov 27, 2017
The Sea surface temperatures play a major role in global weather which influences two extreme phases of a naturally occurring climate cycle. I.e., El Nino/Southern Oscillation and La Nina. El Nino refers to the warm phase of the El Nino Southern Oscillation which is called ENSO-that is - El Nino Southern Oscillation. El Nino Southern Oscillation is the cycle of warm and cold temperatures measured on the basis of sea surface temperature of the tropical central and eastern Pacific Ocean. It is associated with a band of warm ocean water that develops in the central and east-central equatorial Pacific between the International Date Line and 120°W. It also occurs off the Pacific coast of South America.

Biological Sequestration (Biosequestration): Concept, Importance and Need

Nov 24, 2017
Biosequestration is the process of capturing and storing carbon in living organisms such as plants and algae. It is not a new process, but a process that was responsible for the formation of the extensive coal and oil deposits which are now being burned. Here, we are giving the concept of Biological Sequestration (Biosequestration) and its need and importance for general awareness.

Coastal Erosion in India

Nov 23, 2017
The Coastal Erosion is the process of wearing away of the land by the sea due to corrosion, abrasion, hydraulic action, attrition and corrosion/solution. India's has long peninsular region and due to developmental activities are often carried out without properly understanding the coastal dynamics, leading to long-term damage, particularly to local communities. Find out the concept of Coastal erosion, findings of Ministry of Earth Sciences, and reasons for coastal erosion and measure to deal with coastal erosion for the preparation competitive examination.

Cooperative Movement and Cooperative Societies in India

Nov 23, 2017
The Cooperative Societies can be defined as an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly-owned and democratically-controlled enterprise". India is an agricultural country and laid the foundation of World’s biggest cooperative movement in the world. Here, we are giving a brief summary of the Cooperative Movement and Cooperative Societies in India for general awareness.

What is Cartography and how was the first map come to the modern World?

Nov 23, 2017
From the evolution of humankind in the age of exploration, cartography has been an integral part of the human history. The word cartography is a combination of two word ‘carta’ which means map and ‘graphy’ that is something written or represented in the specified manner, or about a specified subject. Hence, we can say it is an art, technique, or practice of compiling or drawing maps or charts. Read the complete chronology of map-drawing (Cartography) techniques from the ancient world to the modern world.

List of Global Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Sites in India

Nov 21, 2017
The Global Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) was started by Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) for the purpose of creating public awareness and safeguarding the World agricultural heritage sites. There are three regions of India, which has been recognised as the Global Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) cities in India: Koraput, Odisha State; Kashmir Valley, Pampore region; and Kuttanad. Here, we are giving the list of Global Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Sites in India and why these regions are chosen by FAO as GIAHS for general awareness.

What is the Geographical Indication and how it is different from Trademark?

Nov 16, 2017
We always hear about Kanchipuram Silk Saree, Alphanso Mango, Nagpur Orange, Kolhapuri Chappal, Bikaneri Bhujia, Agra Petha, etc., but do you know it is Geographical Indication tags given to particular products from particular region only. Here, we are giving the concept of geographical indication, rights given by geographical indication, governing body of geographical indication and how Geographical indication different from trademark for general awareness.

Coastal Zone Management (CZMA) - Purpose, Objective and Challenges

Nov 13, 2017
The Coastal zones are defined by the extent of territorial waters up to the high water mark. They are long, narrow features of mainland, islands and seas, generally forming the outer boundary of the coastal domain. Find out the concept, purpose, objectives and challenges of Coastal Zone Management for general awareness.

List of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems Sites around the World

Nov 10, 2017
The Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) are rich in agricultural biodiversity and associated wildlife, and are important resources of indigenous knowledge and culture. Here, we are giving the list of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems Sites around the World for general awareness.

Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS): Objective and Importance

Nov 10, 2017
FAO started to identify the economic viability of the system, the identification of environmentally sustainable strategies in the face of growing climate change, and the empowerment of small holder/traditional family farming and indigenous communities under Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS).

Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ): Causes and Impact

Nov 7, 2017
The ITCZ (Intertropical Convergence Zone) play important role in the global circulation system and also known as the Equatorial Convergence Zone or Intertropical Front. It is a basically low pressure belt encircling Earth near the Equator. It is a zone of convergence where the trade winds meet. Here, we are giving the concept, causes and impact of ITCZ (Intertropical Convergence Zone) for general awareness.

10 countries where per week working hours are least

Nov 7, 2017
In a developing country like India, where people have to work 45-50 hours per week and work around 2500 hours per year, but there are many developed countries in the world where per week working hours are very low. Despite this, GDP of these developed countries is much higher than India. In this article, we are giving details of 10 countries in the world where per week working hours are least.

Natural Disaster- Concept and Its Classification

Nov 6, 2017
About 60 per cent of the landmass in India is susceptible to earthquakes and over 8 per cent is prone to floods. Of the nearly 7,500 km long coastline, more than 5,500 km is prone to cyclones. Around 68 per cent area is also susceptible to drought. Here, we are giving the concept of natural disaster and its classification for general awareness.

List of Major Rivers in India

Nov 6, 2017
90 per cent of India's river discharges their water into the Bay of Bengal and rest are in the Arabian Sea. The drainage systems flowing into the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal are separated by a water divide extending approximately along the Western Ghats, Aravalli and Yamuna Sutlej divide. Here, we are giving the list of Major Rivers in India for general awareness.

Who created the first map of India

Oct 30, 2017
Each of us is familiar with the map of India and the world. But have you ever wondered who formed India’s first map or who formed the current map of India? If you do not have answer this question, then after reading this article you will know the answer of this question.

Do you know the reason behind the fish rain?

Oct 16, 2017
There are many mysteries in the world which are difficult to believe. One of such is the fish rain. Do you know how fish rains, is it possible or not? Due to which process the fish suddenly falls from the sky that too with rain? How this happen, will study in this article.

List of language families spoken worldwide

Oct 13, 2017
Language is the method of communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structure and conventional way. These languages belong to certain language families because they possess have the same origins. There are approximately 6000 languages spoken worldwide out of these 94 languages belongs to different language families. Here, we are giving the list of language families spoken worldwide for general awareness.

What is Cloudburst and how cloudburst different from normal rainfall?

Oct 4, 2017
Rains are the blessings to all the living beings on the Earth because it is responsible for depositing most of the fresh water on the Earth and also provides suitable conditions for many types of ecosystems, as well as water for hydroelectric power plants and crop irrigation. Cloudburst is an extreme amount of precipitation in a short period of time to a small geographical area. Here, we are giving detailed explanation on cloudburst, how such cloud formed and what causes the clouds to burst and release all the water at once for general awareness.

Interesting facts about Polar Regions

Oct 3, 2017
The regions of Earth surrounding its geographical poles (North Pole and South Pole) are known as Polar Regions. It is also known as Frigid Zone because these regions are dominated by Earth's polar ice caps, the northern resting on the Arctic Ocean and the southern on the continent of Antarctica. These regions are the zones in higher latitudes where there is never any summer in the sense that is understood in our moderate latitudes. Here, we are giving interesting facts about Polar Regions of Earth in general awareness.

List of legislations on environment and ecology in India

Sep 28, 2017
The Environment is the greatest gift of God to man. Its abiotic components like air, water, light, etc., and its biotic living components like plants, animals, human beings, etc. are responsible for the survival and continuance of life on this planet. Here, we are giving the list of legislations on environment and ecology in India that addressing the effects of human activity on the natural environment for general awareness.

Latest Videos

Register to get FREE updates

    All Fields Mandatory
  • (Ex:9123456789)
  • Please Select Your Interest
  • Please specify

  • By clicking on Submit button, you agree to our terms of use
    ajax-loader
  • A verifcation code has been sent to
    your mobile number

    Please enter the verification code below

Newsletter Signup
Follow us on