What Entitles Western Ghats to Enter in the List of World Heritage Site?
The Western Ghats scattered from the mount of the river Tapi to the cape of kanyakumari for a distance of 1600 kms. Its average height is 1200 metres. It is not a real hill range; rather it is arift side in the peninsular plateau. The height of Western Ghats increases from north to south whereas height of Eastern Ghats increases from south to north. Western Ghats are also more continuous than Eastern Ghats.
Location of Western Ghats:
Facts about the Western Ghats:
1. The Western Ghats are scattered from the mount of the river Tapi to the cape of kanyakumari covering a distance of 1600 kms.
2. Its average height is 1200 metres.
3. The height of Western Ghats increases from north to south whereas height of Eastern Ghats increases from south to north.
4. Western Ghats are also more continuous than Eastern Ghats.
5. The Western Ghats Coastal Plain extends from Surat to Kanyakumari which is divided into four parts:
- The Gujarat Plain- Coastal area of Gujarat
- The Konkan Plain- Between Daman and Goa.
- The Kannad Plain- Between Goa and Mangalore.
- The Malabar Plain- Between Mangalore and Kanyakumari
6. Western Ghats are known as Sahyadris.
7. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is counted one of the eight "hottest hotspots" of biological diversity in the world.
8. The range runs north to south along the western edge of the Deccan Plateau, and separates the ghat from a narrow coastal plain, called Konkan, along the Arabian Sea.
9. The area of western ghats comprises near about 7,402 species of flowering plants, 139 mammal species, 508 bird species, 1814 species of non-flowering plants, 179 amphibian species, 6000 insects species and 290 freshwater fish species.
10. The Western Ghats are home to thousands of animal species including at least 325 globally threatened species. Many are endemic species, especially in the amphibian and reptilian classes.
11. The Western Ghats are the mountainous faulted and eroded edge of the Deccan Plateau.
12. Western ghats are made of mainly Basalt rocks covering a thickness of 3 km (2 mi).
13. Granite gneiss, khondalites, leptynites, metamorphic gneisses, Residual laterite and bauxite ores types of rocks are also found in this region.
14. In the southern India (Tamil Nadu) the range is known as the Nilagirimalai.
15. Following hills are located on western ghats as:
- Nilgirr Hills- Nilgiri hills of india are block mountains which are also known as Blue Mountains. It lies in tamilnadu region and its highest peak is “Doda Betta”.
- The famous tourist place udhagamandalam (ooty) is situated in the Nilgiri Region.
- Annamalai Hills: The annamalai hills are located south to the Nilgiri Hills, whose highest point is Anaimudi (2695 mt) which is also the highest peak in western ghats (or in the entire south india).
- Cardamom Hills: it is southmost hill range in india. Snehkotta gap is located in it.
Pictures related to western Ghats:
Image source: www.thehindu.com