Choosing good reference books for IAS Exam is one of the important tasks during IAS preparation if the aspirants able to do so in a short span of time it means they got their right way to become a civil servant. Generally, it has been seen that due to lack of proper information and guidance, IAS aspirants wasting their time in reading craps which never be fruitful for IAS preparation.
So, through this article, we are going to suggest the best books and study materials available for General Studies Paper III of IAS Mains Exam, so, that the aspirants could get help while choosing better and more relevant study materials.
Indian Economy NCERTs of class 11th and 12th: As we have suggested books for General Studies Paper I of the IAS Prelims Exam in our earlier article, same NCERT books will be followed for a basic understanding of economics here also.
Indian Economy for Civil Services Exam by Ramesh Singh: After building the fundamental base with NCERTs, the next level of preparation can be started with this book. It specifically contains all the relevant topics given in UPSC syllabus much helpful UPSC preparation. It can be used by beginners as a substitute of Indian Economy by Mishra and Puri which is difficult to comprehend for aspirants having the non-economics background.
Indian Economy by Uma Kapilla: It is an excellent source for studying Indian economy since independence as it contains a vivid account of economic reforms in the early stage of planning era.
Economic Survey and Fiscal Budget: It has been noticed from the previous year question papers that some of the questions are directly asked from the annual financial statement. Therefore, highlights of the economic survey, as well as financial budget, is a must read. But the aspirants have to be very selective in this part because these resources are so huge and complex to understand.
First of all, aspirants have to find out the topics which have to be covered from these resources otherwise, it will take unnecessary time. For this part, aspirants have to make analyses of the questions previously asked in General Studies Paper III and accordingly they have to choose the topics which have to be covered from these resources.
India People and Economy (NCERT): This book will cover how Indian physical environment impacts the human activities and how depending on our primary resources development is taking place in various sectors of our economy. Basics of Indian climatic features and ecological interactions affecting the cropping pattern in the country can be easily prepared from this book. It covers topics like Indian agriculture and practices in a holistic manner, making it easy to grasp.
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change Annual Report: The most advanced state of forest and biodiversity conservation in India is revealed in this report. Some direct point on how current environment issues effects the ongoing economic developments in the country can be extracted from here. This report should be complementary to newspaper reading.
UNFCCC website updates: This is the most renounced platform for updates on ecology and environment conservation in the world. It contains updates on COP on biodiversity and climate change and relevant decisions taken in the countries conferences. Make special notes on India’s stand on each of the agreements on conservation signed globally. It can be viewed on a weekly basis to upgrade your newspaper notes.
Fundamentals of Physical Geography (NCERT): This is a very basic book for understanding the geographical phenomenon’s resulting in disasters and some very fundamental topics like earthquakes, volcanism and tsunamis as mentioned in the syllabus.
ARC Report on Disaster Management: The report is one of the best sources to understand India’s current state of Disaster or crisis management. Moreover, it contains important information on the institutional mechanism to handle the crisis. It is highly authentic and direct suggestions on social Mechanisms on crisis management can be quoted from here. Administrative reform commission’s recommendations can help to enhance the conclusion of your answers.
Institute for Defense Studies and Analyses Annual Report: The most up to date state of internal security in India is reflected in this report. Some direct point on how current internal security issues affect the going social and economic developments in the country can be extracted from here. This report should be complementary to everyday newspaper reading. The government published data presented here can be supplemented in your answer to support valid arguments.
IDSA Website updates: It can be viewed on a weekly basis to upgrade your newspaper notes. It also contains data on how foreign relations affect India’s security issues, especially, cyber security and cross-border extremism.
ARC Report on Capacity Building for Conflict Resolution: The report is highly authentic and direct suggestions on social policing; conflict Resolution and cyber secure web can be quoted from here. Administrative reform commission’s recommendations can help to enhance the conclusion of your answers.
South Asia Politics Magazine: It contains relative data on how foreign relations between India and India’s neighbours affect India’s security issues, especially, money laundering, and left wing Extremism and cross-border terrorism.
World Focus Magazine: World Focus Magazine: Some editions of world focus which are specifically on the social-economic changes in South Asia are rated high for internal security. Topics like India and cross-border extremism is vigorously covered by this magazine.
India Year Book: Only specific chapters on welfare schemes, Education, Health, disaster management and internal security concerns can be read from here to make notes on new developments undertaken by the Government of India.
For Science and Technology: It is true that there is no such study material for Science and Technology for GS Paper III available in the market. Some of the publishers are publishing books on it, but it is a waste of both time and money. To cover this section, IAS aspirants have to develop their own sense of extracting important news in terms of science and technological development while preparing for current affairs. For current affairs, best-recommended practices are to read newspaper, magazines or other digital media platforms.
The questions about the topic science and technology asked are usually based on the current technological developments in the country. For the coverage of such topics to refer a separate book is not a good idea. So, if you have a reading habit of newspapers on a daily basis, then you are already in process to cover the topics of science and technology as well.
To streamline your IAS Mains preparation within a time span, it is advisable to finish the entire overlapping syllabus of paper III with other general studies papers like international security concerns and geological phenomenon disasters complementary to one another. Maintain separate notes for current social and International issues impacting the economy of India and keep updating it with the new developments if taking place.