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CBSE Class 12 Economics Syllabus 2018 - 2019

May 2, 2018 12:56 IST
    CBSE Class 12 Economics Syllabus 2018 - 2019
    CBSE Class 12 Economics Syllabus 2018 - 2019

    CBSE Syllabus 2018 – 2019 for Class 12 Economics subject is available here. It contains complete information about the course structure, paper design, marking scheme, project work, guidelines for project work and other important details related to Class 12 Economics board exam.

    Important portion of Class 12 Economics Syllabus is given below:

    Name of the units and their weightage in Board Exam

    Units

    Marks

    Part A: Introductory Microeconomics


    Introduction

    4

    Consumer’s Equilibrium  and Demand

    13

    Producer Behaviour and Supply

    13

    Forms of Market and Price Determination under perfect competition with simple applications

    10


    40

    Part B: Introductory Macroeconomics


    National Income and Related Aggregates

    10

    Money and Banking

    6

    Determination of Income and Employment

    12

    Government Budget and the Economy

    6

    Balance of Payments

    6


    40

    Project Work

    20

     

    Details of topics and sub-topics to be covered in each unit

    Part A: Introductory Microeconomics

    Unit I: Introduction                                                                          

    Meaning of microeconomics and macroeconomics; positive and normative economics.

    What is an economy? Central problems of an economy: what, how and for whom to produce; concepts of production possibility frontier and opportunity cost.

    CBSE Class 12 Economics Paper 2018

    Unit II: Consumer’s Equilibrium and Demand

    Consumer's equilibrium - meaning of utility, marginal utility, law of diminishing marginal utility, conditions of consumer's equilibrium using marginal utility analysis.

    Indifference curve analysis of consumer's equilibrium-the consumer's budget (budget set and budget line), preferences of the consumer (indifference curve, indifference map) and conditions of consumer's equilibrium.

    Demand, market demand, determinants of demand, demand schedule, demand curve and its slope, movement along and shifts in the demand curve; price elasticity of demand - factors affecting price elasticity of demand; measurement of price elasticity of demand – percentage-change method.

    Unit III: Producer Behaviour and Supply

    Meaning of Production Function – Short-Run and Long-Run

    Total Product, Average Product and Marginal Product.

    Returns to a Factor

    Cost: Short run costs - total cost, total fixed cost, total variable cost; Average cost; Average fixed cost, average variable cost and marginal cost-meaning and their relationships.

    Revenue - total, average and marginal revenue - meaning and their relationship.

    Producer's equilibrium-meaning and its conditions in terms of marginal revenue-marginal cost. Supply, market supply, determinants of supply, supply schedule, supply curve and its slope, movements along and shifts in supply curve, price elasticity of supply; measurement of price elasticity of supply - percentage-change method.

    Unit IV: Forms of Market and Price Determination under Perfect Competition with simple applications

    Perfect competition - Features; Determination of market equilibrium and effects of shifts in demand and supply.

    Other Market Forms - monopoly, monopolistic competition, oligopoly - their meaning and features.

    Simple Applications of Demand and Supply: Price ceiling, price floor.

    Part B: Introductory Macroeconomics

    Unit 5: National Income and related aggregates

    Some basic concepts: consumption goods, capital goods, final goods, intermediate goods; stocks and flows; gross investment and depreciation.

    Circular flow of income (two sector model); Methods of calculating National Income - Value Added or Product method, Expenditure method, Income method.

    Aggregates related to National Income:

    Gross National Product (GNP), Net National Product (NNP), Gross and Net Domestic Product (GDP and NDP) - at market price, at factor cost; Real  and Nominal GDP.

    GDP and Welfare

    Unit 6: Money and Banking

    Money - meaning and supply of money - Currency held by the public and net demand deposits held by commercial banks.

    Money creation by the commercial banking system.

    Central bank and its functions (example of the Reserve Bank of India): Bank of issue, Govt. Bank, Banker's Bank, Control of Credit through Bank Rate, CRR, SLR, Repo Rate and Reverse Repo Rate, Open Market Operations, Margin requirement.

    Unit 7: Determination of Income and Employment

    Aggregate demand and its components.

    Propensity to consume and propensity to save (average and marginal).

    Short-run equilibrium output; investment multiplier and its mechanism.

    Meaning of full employment and involuntary unemployment.

    Problems of excess demand and deficient demand; measures to correct them - changes in

    government spending, taxes and money supply.

    Unit 8: Government Budget and the Economy

    Government budget - meaning, objectives and components.

    Classification of receipts - revenue receipts and capital receipts; classification of expenditure – revenue expenditure and capital expenditure.

    Measures of government deficit - revenue deficit, fiscal deficit, primary deficit their meaning.

    Unit 9: Balance of Payments

    Balance of payments account - meaning and components; balance of payments deficit-meaning. 

    Foreign exchange rate - meaning of fixed and flexible rates and managed floating.

    Determination of exchange rate in a free market.

    Prescribed books

    1. Introductory Micro Economics, Class XII, NCERT

    2. Macro Economics, Class XII, NCERT

    3. Supplementary Reading Material in Economics, Class XII, CBSE

    For details about question paper design, marking scheme and guidelines for projects, kindly go through the PDF of the syllabus.

    Download CBSE Class 12 Economics Syllabus 2018 - 2019 in PDF format

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