CBSE Class 12 Economics Syllabus 2018 - 2019

Get CBSE Class 12th Economics Syllabus for the new academic session 2017-2018 in PDF format. The syllabus contains complete details of course structure, question paper design and prescribed textbooks for CBSE Class 12 Economics. Students can download the complete CBSE Class 12 Economics syllabus 2017-2018 from the download link available in this article.

CBSE Class 12 Economics Syllabus 2018 - 2019
CBSE Class 12 Economics Syllabus 2018 - 2019

CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Economics Board Exam 2019 is available here for download in PDF format. It contains complete information about the course structure, paper design, marking scheme, project work, guidelines for project work and other important details related to CBSE Class 12 Economics subject. About 4 lakh students will appear for CBSE Class Economics Paper 2019 on 27th March.

CBSE Class 12 Economics Sample Paper 2019 - Check link

Important portion of Class 12 Economics Syllabus 2019 is given below:

Name of the units and their weightage in Board Exam



Part A: Introductory Microeconomics



Consumer’s Equilibrium  and Demand


Producer Behaviour and Supply


Forms of Market and Price Determination under perfect competition with simple applications



Part B: Introductory Macroeconomics

National Income and Related Aggregates


Money and Banking


Determination of Income and Employment


Government Budget and the Economy


Balance of Payments



Project Work


Details of topics and sub-topics to be covered in each unit

Part A: Introductory Microeconomics

Unit I: Introduction                                                                          

Meaning of microeconomics and macroeconomics; positive and normative economics.

What is an economy? Central problems of an economy: what, how and for whom to produce; concepts of production possibility frontier and opportunity cost.

CBSE Class 12 Economics Paper 2018

Unit II: Consumer’s Equilibrium and Demand

Consumer's equilibrium - meaning of utility, marginal utility, law of diminishing marginal utility, conditions of consumer's equilibrium using marginal utility analysis.

Indifference curve analysis of consumer's equilibrium-the consumer's budget (budget set and budget line), preferences of the consumer (indifference curve, indifference map) and conditions of consumer's equilibrium.

Demand, market demand, determinants of demand, demand schedule, demand curve and its slope, movement along and shifts in the demand curve; price elasticity of demand - factors affecting price elasticity of demand; measurement of price elasticity of demand – percentage-change method.

Unit III: Producer Behaviour and Supply

Meaning of Production Function – Short-Run and Long-Run

Total Product, Average Product and Marginal Product.

Returns to a Factor

Cost: Short run costs - total cost, total fixed cost, total variable cost; Average cost; Average fixed cost, average variable cost and marginal cost-meaning and their relationships.

Revenue - total, average and marginal revenue - meaning and their relationship.

Producer's equilibrium-meaning and its conditions in terms of marginal revenue-marginal cost. Supply, market supply, determinants of supply, supply schedule, supply curve and its slope, movements along and shifts in supply curve, price elasticity of supply; measurement of price elasticity of supply - percentage-change method.

Unit IV: Forms of Market and Price Determination under Perfect Competition with simple applications

Perfect competition - Features; Determination of market equilibrium and effects of shifts in demand and supply.

Other Market Forms - monopoly, monopolistic competition, oligopoly - their meaning and features.

Simple Applications of Demand and Supply: Price ceiling, price floor.

Part B: Introductory Macroeconomics

Unit 5: National Income and related aggregates

Some basic concepts: consumption goods, capital goods, final goods, intermediate goods; stocks and flows; gross investment and depreciation.

Circular flow of income (two sector model); Methods of calculating National Income - Value Added or Product method, Expenditure method, Income method.

Aggregates related to National Income:

Gross National Product (GNP), Net National Product (NNP), Gross and Net Domestic Product (GDP and NDP) - at market price, at factor cost; Real  and Nominal GDP.

GDP and Welfare

Unit 6: Money and Banking

Money - meaning and supply of money - Currency held by the public and net demand deposits held by commercial banks.

Money creation by the commercial banking system.

Central bank and its functions (example of the Reserve Bank of India): Bank of issue, Govt. Bank, Banker's Bank, Control of Credit through Bank Rate, CRR, SLR, Repo Rate and Reverse Repo Rate, Open Market Operations, Margin requirement.

Unit 7: Determination of Income and Employment

Aggregate demand and its components.

Propensity to consume and propensity to save (average and marginal).

Short-run equilibrium output; investment multiplier and its mechanism.

Meaning of full employment and involuntary unemployment.

Problems of excess demand and deficient demand; measures to correct them - changes in

government spending, taxes and money supply.

Unit 8: Government Budget and the Economy

Government budget - meaning, objectives and components.

Classification of receipts - revenue receipts and capital receipts; classification of expenditure – revenue expenditure and capital expenditure.

Measures of government deficit - revenue deficit, fiscal deficit, primary deficit their meaning.

Unit 9: Balance of Payments

Balance of payments account - meaning and components; balance of payments deficit-meaning. 

Foreign exchange rate - meaning of fixed and flexible rates and managed floating.

Determination of exchange rate in a free market.

Prescribed books

1. Introductory Microeconomics, Class XII, NCERT

2. Macroeconomics, Class XII, NCERT

3. Supplementary Reading Material in Economics, Class XII, CBSE

For details about question paper design, marking scheme and guidelines for projects, kindly go through the PDF of the syllabus.

Download CBSE Class 12 Economics Syllabus 2019 in PDF format

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