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Computer Awareness for IBPS Main Exam: Basic Computer Terminology (Part 1/3)

Nov 18, 2016 17:54 IST

    IBPS is all set to conduct the online Main examination for PO/MT on 20th November 2016. Here, the banking team of jagranjosh is providing the important basic terminology for computer Knowledge section.

    Access time: It is the performance of a hard drive or other storage device-how long it takes to locate a file.

    Application: It is often called ‘app’ for short simply a program with a Graphic User Interface (GUI).

    Application menu: It is on the right side of the screen header. It lists running applications.

    ASCII (pronounced ask-key): An acronym derived from American Standard Code for Information Interchange. The use of this standard code permits computers made by different manufacturers to communicate with one another.

    Antivirus software: A program designed to look for and destroy a virus that may have infected a computer's memory or files. 

    Background: It is the art of the multitasking capability. A program can run and perform tasks in the background while another program is being used in the foreground.

    Backup: Storage of duplicate files on disks, diskettes, or some other form of magnetic medium (such as tapes) as a safety measures in case the original medium is damaged or lost.  

    Basic Input/output System (BIOS): A set of programs stored in read-only memory. These programs control the disk drives, the keyboard, and the display screen, and they handle start-up operations. 

    Binary code: The basic language of a computer. It is composed of a series of 0 and 1s.

    Blog: It is the short form of Web log. It is a Web page that serves as a publicly accessible personal journal for an individual.

    Bookmark: It is a feature of browser which allows user to automatically return to the website by clicking on the site’s name. It places selected URLs in a file for quick access.

    Browser: It is a program used to browse the web. Some popular browsers are Chrome, Firefox, Mozilla, Netscape, Internet Explorer, Opera etc.

    Bug: It is a programming error which prevents computer from working correctly.

    Bus: It is an electronic pathway through which data is transmitted between components in a computer.

    Cache: A small data-memory storage area that a computer can use to instant re-access the data instead of re-reading it from the original source, such as a hard drive.

    Click: To select an object by pressing the mouse button when the cursor is pointing to the required menu option, icon or hypertext link.

    Computer: A general-purpose machine that processes data according to a set of instructions that are stored internally either temporarily or permanently

    Cookie: A packet of information that travels between a browser and the web server.

    CD-ROM: It is stands for Compact Disc Read- Only memory.

    Clipboard: A clipboard is a temporary place to store data in a computer application. Once data stored in this temporary place, it may be copied to another place. All clipboard data is erases when the computer shuts down.

    Command: It is the act of giving an instruction to the computer.

    Compatibility: The ability of one type of computer to share information or to communicate with another type of computer. 

    Compiler: It is a set of programmes that converts programming code into a form that can be used by computer.

    Compression: It is a technique that reduces the size of a file by eliminating redundancies. i.e. JPEG, MPEG.

    Control menu: An on-screen Windows element that appears in a box in the upper left corner of a window. The control menu allows the user the option of adjusting the size of the window, closing or reopening the window, or switching to another window.

    Cookie: A device that permits a Web site to identify and collect information about every user who visits that site.  

    Crash: It is system malfunction that causes your computer or application no longer works correctly and so you "loose" all the work you've done since the last time you saved.

    Cracker: The preferred term to refer to a computer criminal that penetrates a computer program to steal information or damage the program in some way.

    Computer Awareness for IBPS Main Exam: Basic Computer Terminology (Part 2/3)

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