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Computer Awareness for IBPS Main Exam: Basic Computer Terminology (Part 2/3)

Nov 19, 2016 12:51 IST

    IBPS is all set to conduct the online Main examination for PO/MT on 20th November 2016. Here, the banking team of jagranjosh is providing the list of important abbreviation for computer Knowledge section.

    Data: It is the information processed by computer.

    Database: It is the collection of data, typically organized to make common retrievals easy and efficient.

    Debugging: Locating and eliminating defects in a program.

    Defragment: It is used to concatenate fragments of data into contiguous blocks in memory or on a hard drive.

    Default settings: The pre-established settings that a program will follow unless the user changes them.  

    Domain: Typically, a three letter element in a Web address or an e-mail address. The domain, commonly referred to as the zone, indicates the type of organization that owns the computer being identified in the address. For example, .com signifies a commercial organization; .edu signifies an educational institution.

    Dialogue Box: It is an on- screen message box that appears when the computer requires additional information before completing a command.   

    Disk: It is a spinning platter made of magnetic or optically etched material on which data can be stored.

    Disk Drive: It is the machinery that writes data form a disk or write data to a disk.

    Domain Name: The part of an e-mail addresses which follows the @symbol. It identifies the host.

    Drag-and drop editing: A software feature that allows the user to (1) highlight text to be moved and (2) use a mouse to drag the text to a new location.

    E-mail: The term e-mail (short for electronic mail) refers to the transfer of messages or documents between users connected by an electronic network.    

    Ethernet: It is protocol for fast communication and file transfer across a network.

    Extension: It is a startup program that runs when you start the computer and then enhances its function.

    File transfer protocol (FTP): A set of guidelines or standards that establish the format in which files can be transmitted from one computer to another.  

    Firewall- It is a set of software that prevents unauthorized persons from accessing certain parts of a program, database, or network. Firewalls can be implemented in both hardware and software, or a combination of both.

    Format: The physical specifications that affect the appearance and arrangement of a document, for example, margins, spacing, and font.  

    Floppy: A rigid disk which holds data.

    Folder: It is an electronic subdirectory which contains files.

    Fragmentation: It is process of breaking up of a file into many separate locations in memory or on a disk.

    Freeze: It is system error which causes the cursor to lock in place.

    Gig: It means a gigabyte which equals to 1024 megabyte.

    GIGO (Garbage in, garbage out): It that implies bad input will result in bad output.

    Glitch: A hardware problem that causes a computer to malfunction or crash.

    Hard Disk: It is large capacity storage device made of multiple disks housed in a rigid case.

    Homepage: It is the main or initial webpage of website.

    Host computer: Main or controlling computer connected to other computers or terminals to which it provides data or computing services via a network.

    Hypermedia: An extension of hypertext that integrates audio, video, and graphics with text.   

    Hypertext: A technology that links text in one part of a document with related text in another part of the document or in other documents. 

    Hypertext Markup Language (HTML): The language used to create Web page. "Hypertext" refers to the hyperlinks that an HTML page may contain. "Markup language" refers to the way tags are used to define the page layout and elements within the page.

    Hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP): The protocol used on the World Wide Web that permits Web browsers to communicate with Web servers. This protocol allows programmers to embed hyperlinks in Web documents using hypertext markup language.  

    Internet: A system that links existing computer networks into a worldwide network. The internet may be accessed by means of commercial online services and Internet service providers.

    Intranet: A private network established by an organization for the exclusive use of its employees. Firewalls prevent outsiders from gaining access to an organization's intranet.

    Internet Service Provider (ISP): An organization that provides access to the Internet for a fee, via telephone lines or cables. Companies like America Online are more properly referred to as commercial online services because they offer many other services in addition to Internet access.

    Computer Awareness for IBPS Main Exam: Basic Computer Terminology (Part 1/3)

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