Pollution is a major problem that India is not only facing, but the whole world is battling with it. It is also known as environmental pollution. We can define pollution as the addition of any substance, whether solid, liquid or gas or any form of energy like heat, sound etc. to the environment. To make people aware about the effects of pollution, problems that people are facing because of it, National Pollution Control Day is observed every year on 2nd December. It is observed in the memory of those who have lost their lives in the Bhopal Gas tragedy on 2nd December, 1984.
There are many factors that are responsible for causing pollution like bursting of crackers, vehicles running on the roads, bomb blast, leakage of gases via industries, etc. Nowadays problem of pollution is increasing day by day and it is the duty of the respective Government and also people to reduce the level of pollution. We should generate ideas and plans to control pollution.
Objectives of National Pollution Control Day
The main objective is to make people aware, spread awareness in the industries that cause various pollution like water, air, soil, noise and affect the environment and obviously health. As, Bhopal gas tragedy in which leakage of poisonous gas ‘Methyl Isocyanate (MIC)’ is the worst tragedy happened in the world so far. It is also important to give knowledge to the people regarding pollution so that a better or clean environment can be formed. Government in India had made various laws to combat with pollution like in Delhi decreases vehicles running on the road. National Pollution Control Board (NPCB) is the main governing body, that regularly conducts checks on industries to know whether they are following environmental regulations or not.
Why National Pollution Control day is celebrated
Main reason as discussed above is to control the Industrial disaster and to reduce the level of pollution. Various laws are made by the Government all over the world to control and prevent pollution.
What happened in Bhopal Gas Tragedy?
Source: www. riseforindia.com
On 2nd and 3rd December 1984, Bhopal Gas tragedy in which a poisonous chemical MIC (Methyl Isocyanate) and some other chemicals were released from a pesticide plant UCIL (Union Carbide India Limited) in Bhopal, MP. More than 500,000 people were exposed to MIC poisonous gas. Around 2259 died immediately and later MP government declared that around 25,000 died. In the history world wide it was identified as the biggest industrial disaster.
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Preventive measures taken by the Indian Government
Indian government has launched various acts and rules for controlling and preventing pollution in India.
- Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act of 1974
- Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Cess Act of 1977
- Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act of 1981
- Environment (Protection) Rules of 1986
- Environment (Protection) Act of 1986
- Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical Rules of1989
- Hazardous Waste (Management & Handling) Rules of 1989
- Manufacture, Storage, Import, Export & Storage of Hazardous Micro- Organisms Genetically Engineered Organisms or Cells Rules of 1989
- The National Environment tribunal Act 1995
- Chemical Accidents (Emergency, Planning, Preparedness and Response) Rules of 1996
- Bio-Medical Waste (Management & Handling) Rules of 1998
- Recycled Plastics Manufacture & Usage Rules of 1999
- Ozone Depleting Substances (Regulation) Rules of 2000
- Noise Pollution (Regulation & Control) Rules of 2000
- Municipal Solid Waste (Management & Handling) Rules of 2000
- Batteries (Management & Handling) Rules of 2001.
- Maharashtra Bio- Degradable Garbage (Control) Ordinance of 2006
- Environment Impact Assessment Notification of 2006
Various ways to reduce Pollution
- Pollution can be reduced by treating and managing solid waste.
- By the facility of Biochemical waste, reuse of waste pollution can be reduced.
- By the treatment of the Electronic waste pollution can be reduced.
- Pollution in Urban areas can be reduced by the Clean Development Mechanism Project.
Therefore, it is necessary to control pollution and it is not the Government duty we should also participate and make environment clean and live disease free. Clean Environment help people to do their task in a better way and live life happily.