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Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: October 2016 Questions II

Oct 7, 2016 12:46 IST

    Current affair is the most dynamic and challenging portion of the IAS Prelims preparation which should be studied in depth. UPSC IAS prelims preparation requires a deep consolidation and fundamental knowledge of the current happenings.

    Current affairs should be organized keeping in mind the syllabus of UPSC IAS prelims and mains. For anyone who is starting his/her preparation, current affairs should be given priority. We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2017 to help you gain a better perception of how questions can be asked in the examination.

    CLICK HERE FOR CURRENT AFFAIR ANALYSIS 2016

    Q1. The noble prize of 2016 in chemistry is uniquely presented to developers of molecular machines. Which of the following statements is correct regarding the molecular machines?

    a) The molecular machines can be as small as one molecule.

    b) Molecular machines have controllable movements and can perform a operation with the input of energy.

    c) Both (a) and (b)

    d)None of the above statements is correct.

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The 2016 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Sir J. Fraser Stoddart and Bernard L. Feringa for the design and synthesis of molecular machines.

    A molecular machine or nanomachine is any discrete number of molecular components that produce quasi-mechanical movements in response to specific energy inputs. Molecular machines can be divided into two broad categories; synthetic and biological.

    1. They can be one thousand times thinner than a strand of hair.

    2. Their impact could be as big as the microchip.

    3. They could one day go to work in the human body.

    4. They could event detect disease before we show any symptoms.

    5. The Nobel Committee says their potential is unimaginable.

    Molecular systems capable of shifting a chemical or mechanical process away from equilibrium represent a potentially important branch of chemistry and nanotechnology. As the gradient generated from this process is able to perform useful work these types of systems, by definition, are examples of molecular machinery.

    CLICK HERE FOR MORE CURRENT AFFAIRS QUESTIONS OF OCTOBER 2016 I

    Q2. The President of India recently presented Awards for Senior Citizens to eminent senior citizens and institutions. Consider the following statements regarding “Vayoshreshtha Samman-2016”:

    1. Vayoshreshtha Samman does not share the same status as national awards.
    2. Vayoshreshtha Samman is facilitated by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).

    Choose the incorrect answer:

    a) Only 1

    b) Only 2

    c) Both 1and 2

    d) None of the above

    Answer: c

    Explanation:  

    Vayoshreshtha Samman is a Scheme of National Awards instituted by the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment initially in 2005 and was upgraded to the status of National Awards in 2013. The awards are intended to be conferred on eminent senior citizens and institutions involved in rendering distinguished services for the cause of elderly persons especially indigent senior citizens.

    Ministries of Social Justice & Empowerment, Health and Rural Development are running such useful schemes for the welfare of elderly persons. The recipients are drawn from diverse fields.  The Awards are given to institutions or organizations or individuals from any part of the country.  Nominations are invited from Governmental and Non-Governmental Agencies.

    Q3. With which country has India signed a MOU in the field of Water Resources recently?

    a) United States Of America

    b) China

    c) European Union

    d) Australia

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The Union Cabinet has given its approval for the signing of MoU between India and European Union in the field of water resources.

    The MoU envisages on:

    1. Strengthening the technological, scientific and management capabilities of India and the European Union in the field of water management on the basis of equality, reciprocity and mutual benefit.
    2.  It provides technical exchange on water issues, including on integrated water resource management plans within river basins and through study visits.
    3. The MoU aims to identify key environmental issues and approaches to sustainable development where exchange of experiences and cooperation could be mutually beneficial in the field of water management.
    4.  It envisions a more sustainable management of water resources in India with an objective of tackling the challenges posed by water management in the context of growing population, competing water demands and a changing climate.
    5. A Joint Working Group shall be formed to monitor the activities to be carried out in fulfillment of the MoU.

    Q4. Pikas are members of the rabbit family that live in the mountains or in temperate regions. Consider the following statements regarding the new species of pika discovered in India:

    1. The new rabbit family pika species has been discovered in Indian Himalayan state of Sikkim.
    2. Unique characteristics of these Pikas are that they do not hibernate like others mammals in such cold climates.

    Choose the correct answer:

    a) Only 1

    b) Only 2

    c) Both 1and 2

    d)None of the above

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    Pikas are members of the rabbit family and live in the mountains or in temperate regions. The common name "pika" is used for any member of the Ochotonidae family. Pikas do not hibernate unlike other mammalian species inhabiting such cold climates.

    Pikas are a keystone species and ecosystem engineers, and studying their evolution can shed more light on the Himalayan ecosystem.

    Pikas are among the most fascinating mammalian species. Unlike other mammalian species inhabiting such harsh environments, pikas prepare for winter by collecting and storing hay piles for their winter food. Sikkim Pika’s are distinct from the Moupin pika from genetic and ecological perspective and this new species appears limited to Sikkim.

    CLICK HERE FOR CURRENT AFFAIRS QUESTIONS OF SEPTEMBER 2016

    Q5. Certificates of Appreciation were recently awarded to the Ministries based on their performance in the Centralized Public Grievance Redress and Monitoring System (CPGRAMS). Consider the following statements regarding CPGRAMS:

    1-CPGRAMS offers for online logging and status tracking of grievances.

    2-CPGRAMS awards are given in three categories quarterly by a three member committee.

    3-CPGRAMS are only monitored under Ministry of Home Affairs.

    Choose the correct answer:

    a) Only 1

    b) 1 and 2

    c) 1,2 and 3

    d) None of the above.

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    From each category one Ministry/Department is selected for issue of Certificate of Appreciation based on the parameters of percentage of disposal and quality of disposal. A three member Committee evaluates the performance for each quarter.

    Certificate of Appreciation is given to the best Ministries based on their performance with reference to the percentage of disposal and the quality of disposal of public grievances in the defined three categories for each quarter.

    A. Ministries receiving up to 300 grievances during the quarter.

    B. Ministries receiving 301-2000 grievances during the quarter.

    C. Ministries receiving above 2000 grievances during the quarter.

    The CPGRAMS is an online web enabled application to facilitate speedy redress of public grievances as it allows for online lodging and status tracking of grievances by the citizens. The aim of the Government is to have minimum Government and maximum Governance with citizen centric approach.

    Award Scheme is expected to bring a sense of competitiveness in Ministries/ Departments to address public grievances.

    Q6. Hurricane Mathew in the Atlantic Ocean has caused a deadly impact over the Caribbean Island and Florida. Which of the following statements is correct regarding the naming of hurricanes?

    a) The National Hurricane Centre develops a list of names that are assigned in alphabetical order to tropical storms in each hurricane season.

    b) Names can be repeated after an interval of six years, but the names of especially severe storms are permanently retired from use.

    c)  Both (a) and (b)

    d) None of the above.

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    NOAA's National Hurricane Center does not control the naming of tropical storms. Instead, there is a strict procedure established by the World Meteorological Organization. The World Meteorological Organization develops a list of names that are assigned in alphabetical order to tropical storms as they are discovered in each hurricane season.

    Names can be repeated after an interval of six years, but the names of especially severe storms are permanently retired from use. They have six lists which are reused every six years.

    The only change that is made to the list of Atlantic hurricane names is the occasional retirement of a name. This is done when a hurricane causes so much death and destruction that reuse of the same name would be insensitive to the people who suffered losses.

    When that happens the World Meteorological Organization replaces the name. For example: “Katrina" has been retired from the name list and will not be used again.

    Click Here for more questions on current affairs

     

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