Current affairs should be organized keeping in mind the syllabus of UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam. For anyone who is starting his/her preparation, current affairs should be given priority. We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims Exam 2017 to help you gain a better perception of how questions can be asked in the examination.
Current affair is the most dynamic and challenging portion of the IAS Prelims preparation which should be studied in depth. IAS Preparation requires a deep consolidation and fundamental knowledge of the current happenings.
1. Consider the following statements regarding Global Competitiveness Report 2016-17:
I. The Global Competitiveness Report is published by the World Economic Forum since 2004.
II. The Global Competitiveness Index integrates the macroeconomic and the micro/business aspects of competitiveness into a single index.
III. India has jumped 16 places in the GCI report to occupy the 39th spot.
Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
a. Only I
b. I and II
c. I and III
d. All of the above
The Global Competitiveness Report is published by the World Economic Forum since 2004. The Global Competitiveness Index integrates the macroeconomic and the micro/business aspects of competitiveness into a single index. The GCI separates countries into three specific stages: factor-driven, efficiency-driven, and innovation-driven, each implying a growing degree of complexity in the operation of the economy.
India has jumped 16 places in the GCI report to occupy the 39th spot. In 2015-16 GCI report, India was placed at 55th position as compared to 71st rank in 2014-15 report.
2. With which of the following countries India does not have agreements for civil nuclear cooperation?
c. Sri Lanka
Till date India has signed agreements for civil nuclear cooperation with 11 countries, including the U.S., Russia, Australia, Canada and South Korea, but the upcoming agreement with Japan could be the most significant. Japan is the only country to have been the victim of a nuclear attack, and its decision to sign an agreement with India, a country that has not signed the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), would be a first. Reservations in Japan against nuclear energy have hardened after the Fukushima accident.
India and Japan also share many multilateral daises, including membership of the G-4 group that is knocking at the UN Security Council’s door for reform. Beyond symbolic reasons, Japanese nuclear energy technology and safety parameters are widely considered to be cutting-edge, and many critical parts needed for Indian reactors are made by Japanese manufacturers. These will not be available to India until the agreement is done.
3. Yoshinori Ohsumi, a Japanese cell biologist, has been awarded with 2016 Nobel Prize in Medicine for his discoveries of:
a. concerning novel therapies against river blindness
b. concerning novel therapies against lymphatic filariasis
c. mechanisms for autophagy
d. Elucidating the metabolism of glucose
Yoshinori Ohsumi, a Japanese cell biologist, has been awarded with the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discoveries of mechanisms for autophagy. Macro autophagy (“self-eating”, hereafter referred to as autophagy) is an evolutionarily conserved process whereby the eukaryotic cell can recycle part of its own content by sequestering a portion of the cytoplasm in a double-membrane vesicle that is delivered to the lysosome for digestion. Unlike other cellular degradation machineries, autophagy removes long-lived proteins, large macro-molecular complexes and organelles that have become obsolete or damaged.
Autophagy mediates the digestion and recycling of non-essential parts of the cell during starvation and participates in a variety of physiological processes where cellular components must be removed to leave space for new ones. In addition, autophagy is a key cellular process capable of clearing invading microorganisms and toxic protein aggregates, and therefore plays an important role during infection, in ageing and in the pathogenesis of many human diseases.
4. Consider the following statements regarding WHO’s global report on air pollution:
I. As per the report 9 out of 10 people globally are breathing poor quality air.
II. As per the report poorer countries have much dirtier air than the developed world.
Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
a. Only I
b. Only II
c. Both I and II
d. Neither I nor II
Recently the World Health Organization (WHO) has released its report on pollution, which is extremely perturbing. The report claims that 92 percent of the world’s population lives in places where air quality levels exceed WHO limits. This mean, 9 out of 10 people globally are breathing poor quality air.
Maria Neira, head of the WHO's department of public health and environment, termed the report as a 'public health emergency'. She also urged governments to take up measures like cutting the number of vehicles on the road, improving waste management and promotion of clean cooking fuel.
5. Recently the Monetary Policy Committee of RBI has cut down the repo rate by 25 basis points. With cut down in repo rate what will be the effect on inflation?
a. Inflation will increase
b. Inflation will decrease
c. Inflation has nothing to do with inflation
d. None of the above
Repo rate is the rate at which the central bank of a country lends money to commercial banks in the event of any shortfall of funds. Repo rate is used by monetary authorities to control inflation.
In case of inflation in the economy, central banks increase repo rate as this acts as a disincentive for banks to borrow from the central bank. This ultimately reduces the money supply in the economy and thus helps in arresting inflation.
The central bank takes the contrary position in the event of a fall in inflationary pressures. Repo and reverse repo rates form a part of the liquidity adjustment facility.
6. The incident of landslide due to ‘typhoon megi’ in dozens of people dead, occurred in which of the following countries?
Typhoon Megi, also known as Super Typhoon Juan in Philippines, was one of the most intense tropical cyclones on record. Megi, which means catfish in Korean, was the only super typhoon in 2010. Early on October 18, Megi made its first landfall over Luzon. By passing Luzon, Megi weakened but gradually regained strength in the South China Sea, before weakening and losing its eye wall in the Taiwan Strait. Megi made its second landfall over Zhangpu in Fujian, China on October 23, 2010.
The landslips were triggered by Typhoon Megi, which lashed south-eastern China and Taiwan last week with heavy rain and strong winds.