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Indian Polity Quiz for IAS Preparation - Union Public Service Commission

Oct 14, 2016 16:02 IST

    The basic understanding of Indian Polity is much needed for the IAS aspirants. During IAS Preparation, the IAS aspirants must concentrate on Indian Polity so that they must get the understanding of functioning of constitutional bodies. Here, we have provided Indian Polity Quiz base on the topic- Union Public Service Commission, a constitutional body of India.

    1.    Consider the following statements regarding Union Public Service Commission of India:
    I.    The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is the central recruiting agency in India.
    II.    UPSC is an independent constitutional body in the sense that it has been directly created by the Constitution.
    III.    Articles 315 to 323 in Part XIV of the Constitution contain elaborate provisions regarding the composition, appointment and removal of members along with the independence, powers and functions of the UPSC.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
    a.    Only I
    b.    I and II
    c.    II and III
    d.    All of the above

    Answer: d

    Explanation:


    The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is the central recruiting agency in India. It is an independent constitutional body in the sense that it has been directly created by the Constitution.

    Articles 315 to 323 in Part XIV of the Constitution contain elaborate provisions regarding the composition, appointment and removal of members along with the independence, powers and functions of the UPSC.

    GS Polity Quiz for IAS Preparation – Parliament

    2.    Consider the following statements regarding composition of Union Public Service Commission:
    I.    The UPSC consists of a chairman and other members appointed by the president of India.
    II.    The Constitution, without specifying the strength of the Commission has left the matter to the discretion of the president, who determines its composition.
    III.    No qualifications are prescribed for the Commission’s membership except that one-half of the members of the Commission should be such persons who have held office for at least ten years either under the Government of India or under the government of a state.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
    a.    Only I
    b.    I and II
    c.    II and III
    d.    All of the above

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The UPSC consists of a chairman and other members appointed by the president of India. The Constitution, without specifying the strength of the Commission has left the matter to the discretion of the president, who determines its composition. Usually, the Commission consists of nine to eleven members including the chairman. Further, no qualifications are prescribed for the Commission’s membership except that one-half of the members of the Commission should be such persons who have held office for at least ten years either under the Government of India or under the government of a state.

    The Constitution also authorises the president to determine the conditions of service of the chairman and other members of the Commission. The chairman and members of the Commission hold office for a term of six years or until they attain the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier. However, they can relinquish their offices at any time by addressing their resignation to the president. They can also be removed before the expiry of their term by the president in the manner as provided in the Constitution.

    3.    The President can appoint one of the members of the UPSC as an acting chairman under the circumstances?
    I.    When the office of the chairman falls vacant
    II.    When the chairman is unable to perform his functions due to absence or some other reason.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
    a.    Only I
    b.    Only II
    c.    Both I and II
    d.    Neither I nor II

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The President can appoint one of the members of the UPSC as an acting chairman in the following two circumstances:
    (a) When the office of the chairman falls vacant; or
    (b) When the chairman is unable to perform his functions due to absence or some other reason.

    The acting chairman functions till a person appointed as chairman enters on the duties of the office or till the chairman is able to resume his duties.

    4.    The President can remove the chairman or any other member of UPSC from the office under the circumstances:
    I.    If he is adjudged an insolvent (that is, has gone bankrupt).
    II.    If he engages, during his term of office, in any paid employment outside the duties of his office.
    III.    If he is, in the opinion of the president, unfit to continue in office by reason of infirmity of mind or body.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
    a.    Only I
    b.    I and II
    c.    II and III
    d.    All of the above

    Answer: d

    Explanation:


    The President can remove the chairman or any other member of UPSC from the office under the following circumstances:

    (a) If he is adjudged an insolvent (that is, has gone bankrupt);

    (b) If he engages, during his term of office, in any paid employment outside the duties of his office; or

    (c) If he is, in the opinion of the president, unfit to continue in office by reason of infirmity of mind or body.

    In addition to these, the president can also remove the chairman or any other member of UPSC for misbehaviour. However, in this case, the president has to refer the matter to the Supreme Court for an enquiry. If the Supreme Court, after the enquiry, upholds the cause of removal and advises so, the president can remove the chairman or a member.

    Under the provisions of the Constitution, the advice tendered by the Supreme Court in this regard is binding on the president. During the course of enquiry by the Supreme Court, the president can suspend the chairman or the member of UPSC.

    5.    Consider the following statements regarding the provisions made by the constitution to safeguard and ensure the independent and impartial functioning of the UPSC:
    I.    The chairman or a member of the UPSC can be removed from office by the president only in the manner and on the grounds mentioned in the Constitution. Therefore, they enjoy security of tenure.
    II.    The chairman of UPSC (on ceasing to hold office) is not eligible for further employment in the Government of India or a state.
    III.    The entire expenses including the salaries, allowances and pensions of the chairman and members of the UPSC are charged on the Consolidated Fund of India. Thus, they are not subject to vote of Parliament.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
    a.    Only I
    b.    I and II
    c.    II and III
    d.    All of the above

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The Constitution has made the following provisions to safeguard and ensure the independent and impartial functioning of the UPSC:

    •    The chairman or a member of the UPSC can be removed from office by the president only in the manner and on the grounds mentioned in the Constitution. Therefore, they enjoy security of tenure.

    •    The conditions of service of the chairman or a member, though determined by the president, cannot be varied to his disadvantage after his appointment.

    •    The entire expenses including the salaries, allowances and pensions of the chairman and members of the UPSC are charged on the Consolidated Fund of India. Thus, they are not subject to vote of Parliament.

    •    The chairman of UPSC (on ceasing to hold office) is not eligible for further employment in the Government of India or a state.

    •    A member of UPSC (on ceasing to hold office) is eligible for appointment as the chairman of UPSC or a State Public Service Commission (SPSC), but not for any other employment in the Government of India or a state.

    •    The chairman or a member or UPSC is (after having completed his first term) not eligible for reappointment to that office (i.e., not eligible for second term).

    6.    Consider the following statements regarding the functions of UPSC:
    I.    It conducts examinations for appointments to the all-India services, Central services and public services of the centrally administered territories.
    II.    It serves all or any of the needs of a state on the request of the state governor and with the approval of the president of India.
    III.    The principles to be followed in making appointments to civil services and posts and in making promotions and transfers from one service to another.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
    a.    Only I
    b.    I and II
    c.    II and III
    d.    All of the above

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The UPSC performs the following functions:

    •    It conducts examinations for appointments to the all-India services, Central services and public services of the centrally administered territories.

    •    It assists the states (if requested by two or more states to do so) in framing and operating schemes of joint recruitment for any services for which candidates possessing special qualifications are required.

    •    It serves all or any of the needs of a state on the request of the state governor and with the approval of the president of India.

    •    It is consulted on the following matters related to personnel management:

    (i)    All matters relating to methods of recruitment to civil services and for civil posts.

    (ii)    The principles to be followed in making appointments to civil services and posts and in making promotions and transfers from one service to another.

    (iii)    The suitability of candidates for appointments to civil services and posts; for promotions and transfers from one service to another; and appointments by transfer or deputation.

    (iv)    The concerned departments make recommendations for promotions and request the UPSC to ratify them.

    (v)    All disciplinary matters affecting a person serving under the Government of India in a civil capacity including memorials or petitions relating to such matters.

    7.    In which of the following matter UPSC is consulted?
    a.    While making reservations of appointments or posts in favour of any backward class of citizens.
    b.    While taking into consideration the claims of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes in making appointments to services and posts.
    c.    With regard to the selections for chairmanship or membership of commissions or tribunals, posts of the highest diplomatic nature and a bulk of group C and group D services.
    d.    None of the above

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The following matters are kept outside the functional jurisdiction of the UPSC. In other words, the UPSC is not consulted on the following matters:

    •    While making reservations of appointments or posts in favour of any backward class of citizens.

    •    While taking into consideration the claims of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes in making appointments to services and posts.

    •    With regard to the selections for chairmanship or membership of commissions or tribunals, posts of the highest diplomatic nature and a bulk of group C and group D services.

    •    With regard to the selection for temporary or officiating appointment to a post if the person appointed is not likely to hold the post for more than a year.

    The president can exclude posts, services and matters from the purview of the UPSC. The Constitution states that the president, in respect to the all-India services and Central services and posts may make regulations specifying the matters in which, it shall not be necessary for UPSC to be consulted. But all such regulations made by the president shall be laid before each House of Parliament for at least 14 days. The Parliament can amend or repeal them.

    8.    Consider the following statements regarding the roles of UPSC:
    I.    The Constitution visualises the UPSC to be the ‘watch-dog of merit system’ in India.
    II.    UPSC is concerned with the recruitment to the all-India services and Central services—group A and group B and advises the government, when consulted, on promotion and disciplinary matters.
    III.    UPSC is also concerned with the classification of services, pay and service conditions, cadre management, training, and so on.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
    a.    Only I
    b.    I and II
    c.    II and III
    d.    All of the above

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The Constitution visualises the UPSC to be the ‘watch-dog of merit system’ in India. It is concerned with the recruitment to the all-India services and Central services—group A and group B and advises the government, when consulted, on promotion and disciplinary matters. It is not concerned with the classification of services, pay and service conditions, cadre management, training, and so on.

    These matters are handled by the Department of Personnel and Training—one of the three departments of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions. Therefore, UPSC is only a central recruiting agency while the Department of Personnel and Training is the central personnel agency in India.

    Click here for IAS Prelims Exam Indian Polity Study Material

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