Service Selection Board (SSB): SSB means Service Selection Board. It is set by the ministry of Defense for the recruitment of officers to the Tri Forces such as Army, Navy and Air force. The Selection Board consists of senior officers from defense forces usually in the rank of major, colonel, Lt Colonel. The board consists of psychologists, GTO to check the candidate’s ability for defense forces.
After getting shortlisted in written examination candidates are called for SSB interview which is a 5 days process. Before starting the SSB candidates need to report one day before which includes document checking and form filling. They are supposed to report at the place mentioned in their call letter mostly they are asked to report at MCQ (Moment Control Office). Procedure of DAY 1 is given below:
DAY 1(SCREENING TEST)
During the first day of SSB tests following tests are conducted
•Picture Perception and Description Test(PPDT),
•Filling up of personal Information Questionnaire(PIQ) forms
Intelligence test: In this candidate’s ability is check to solve the problem in Aptitude, reasoning, verbal etc. Time is less and candidates need to solve more number of questions correctly. Mostly it comprises of 50 questions to be solved in 30 minutes.
SSB: PROCEDURE OF DAY 2
PSYCHOLOGICAL PROCESS: On second the day various tests are conducted to check the psychological suitability of the candidate to be an officer or to have officers like qualities.
1.Thematic Apperception Test [TAT]
2.Word Association Test [WAT]
3.Situation Reaction Test [SRT]
4.Self Description Test [ SDT]
Thematic Appreciation Test (TAT):
•A hazy (unclear) series of 11 + 1 picture are shown to the candidates where the candidate has to write down a story for the picture.
•The 12th picture is the blank picture in which the candidate has to imagine a situation and write a story according to that. This is also called as imagination test. The pictures can consist of hero, environmental situation, different characters etc.
•Candidates need to focus on what is happening in the situation, or what is the outcome of the situation.
SSB: PROCEDURE OF DAY 3
1.Group discussion (Indoor Task): Group discussion is the important task of day 3 where candidates are given a topic to discuss. In this candidates are divided into 8 -12 members based on their chest numbers. Three options are given to select one for the first G.D after selection usually 3 minutes are given to think and then discussion starts. After completing the first G.D second topic is given which is compulsory one. The Expectation from the candidate in this round is good communication skills, leadership, coordination, listening, knowledge and most importantly confidence.
2.Group Planning Exercise or Military Planning Exercise.(G.P.E or M.P.E):
It is a set or problems or critical situations in which the candidate has to put up himself, engage his team or group of friends in finding the solution for those problems along with that his/her team should get succeeded in their own problem. Candidates sit in semi-circle based on the chest numbers where assessor narrates the story with the model and written pad is given in which problems are related to stories for which candidates individually need to provide the solution and common discussion is done to provide the solution. In M.P.E, it is a series of tough situation where the candidate is putting himself, his team in various situations i.e. extracting work from his team by allocating them based on the priority of the problem. He will be noticed by GTO officer to show his all OLQ.
SSB: PROCEDURE OF DAY 4
Process of Day 4 includes:
3.Final Group Task.
Individual Obstacles: The aim of the individual obstacles is to show the candidates stamina level, their endurance, their boldness, their courage and several factors. In this test total number of obstacles is 10 and the time limit given for each obstacle is 3 minutes. The G.T.O calls the first candidate (based on chest numbers) and orders him to ready for the task. If he blows the whistle the first candidate will start to do the task. At his 2.30 minute out of his 3 minutes, he gives another short whistle which is the sign for the candidate who is doing obstacle as time is going to end and also to the next person to come and stand ready for the task. If the candidate is able to complete the task in 3 minutes is allowed to do the process. Repeating of the task is not allowed again and again. Various obstacles are there like commando walk, Double ditch jump, Tarzan swing, Balanced walk, Jumping over drum winded by thorny wires, Step by Step jump, Jumping over the screen(high jump), Burma bridge, Hanging the rope after jumping from the ladder, Rope climbing.
SSB: PROCEDURE OF DAY 5
•Closing addresses by the deputy president of the board
•Announcement of the results
Closing Address: The 5TH day is the last day of the SSB. The day begins with the closing address which is given by the Deputy President of the board before the Board Conference. During the address officer will highlight the merits of selection system, explain the qualities that we in the Armed Forces are looking for in your personality and provide clarification to any doubts or question that may arise in your mind. This is also an interactive forum for you to put forward any problem complaint or any suggestion that you may have experienced during your stay at SSB.
Board Conference: The Board Conference is the final event of the five-day SSB process, during the board conference which is chaired by the president, Deputy president and all the assessors that are the GTOs, Psychologists and Interviewing Officers, who have assessed you will be in attendance. Each candidate is discussed in detail by the three assessors, who have examined his demonstrated performance through the specific technique independently to arrive at the consensus on the acceptability of each candidate. The detailed process of validation and counter validation is undertaken to arrive at the final decision about the candidate. Candidates will be asked to appear individually before the board. Candidates will be asked questions during the conference for which answering will be very important. The board makes final recommendation about the suitability of the candidate as well as final marks to be awarded to each candidate.