Chemical Engineering is the field that deals with the designing and maintenance of chemical plants along with the development of chemical processes to convert raw material into useful products. This field combines the knowledge of both chemistry and engineering from a variety of fields like biotechnology, nanotechnology, mineral processing, synthetic fibers, petroleum refining plants etc.
Some of the major subjects covered in a chemical engineering course are as follows -
In India, 'Indian Institutes of Technologies' i.e. IIT's are considered to be the best colleges for pursuing engineering courses. Also, the Top 10 UGC recognised engineering colleges in the country as per the NIRF rankings 2018 are as follows -
Chemical Engineers are commonly called 'Universal Engineers’ for their deep knowledge of both the fields of engineering and chemistry. Their work mainly involves converting the natural or waste materials into useful or less harmful chemical products. Their educational background provides them with an opportunity to work in a variety of industries. Like, for example, oil and gas industries, food industries, energy industries, chemical and allied products, utility companies, pharmaceuticals, government departments etc.
In India, there are several indigenous chemical industries. A lot of multinational companies are also setting up in India. This trend represents the growing opportunities for students in the field of chemical engineering. This field is one of the broadest fields from the perspective of research and development. Also, given the wide range of industries that offer work opportunities to chemical engineers a lot of students have shown great interest in the field. Thus, several universities and colleges have started offering this course as a part of their academic programmes.
Eligibility Criteria for different Chemical Engineering Courses
Entrance Exams for chemical engineering courses
Entrance exams are conducted at national, state and university levels for admission into different disciplines of engineering. Some of the popular exams that students must appear for are as follows -
• For Undergraduate courses
• Joint Entrance Exam - Mains (JEE Mains)
• Joint Entrance Exam - Advanced (JEE Advanced)
• VIT Engineering Entrance Examination (VITEEE)
• The Maharashtra Common Entrance Test (MHTCET)
• Uttar Pradesh State Entrance Exam (UPSEE)
• Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test (BITSAT)
• For postgraduate courses
• VIT University Master’s Entrance Examination (VITMEE)
• Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE)
• Birla Institute of Technology & Science Higher Degree Exam(BITS HD)
Some of the popular recruiters for chemical engineers are as follows -
Chemical engineering graduates earns an average salary of about Rs 3lakhs to Rs. 4lakhs per annum. However, with experience you can expect higher and better salaries like for example someone with of around 5 years of experience in the field can earn about Rs 6lakhs to Rs 7 lakhs annum.
Recent developments in the field of chemical engineering has led to a development of many more advanced fields like nanotechnology, bio-engineering, bio-molecular engineering, material processing etc. And given the rising importance of this field in our everyday life, the courses in chemical engineering have gained a lot of popularity among students today. The different level course offered in chemical engineering are as mentioned below -
Some universities and colleges also offer integrated degree programs that lead to M.Tech (Master of Technology) degree in Chemical Engineering. The duration of these courses of 5 years and they can be pursued after completion of class 12th.
Some of the popular specialisations in the field of chemical engineering are as follows -
Architectural and Engineering Managers - Architectural and engineering managers plan, direct and coordinate activities in architectural and engineering companies.
Biomedical Engineers - This field combines engineering principles with medical sciences to design and create equipment, computer software, computer systems etc used in the healthcare industries.
Chemical Technicians - They use special instruments and techniques to help chemists and chemical researchers to develop, produce and test chemical products and processes.
Chemical Material Scientists - The chemical and material scientists study substances at the atomic and molecular levels to analyse the ways in which the substance interact with one another. They use the knowledge to develop new products and to test the quality of the manufactured goods.
Nuclear Engineers - Nuclear engineers research and develop the processes, instruments and systems used to derive the benefits from nuclear energy and radiation. Like for example the equipment used in medical diagnosis and treatment.