10 January: World Hindi Day
The 11th World Hindi Day was celebrated on 10 January 2016. To mark the occasion, Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) through its missions/posts abroad and the Department of Official Language (Rajbhasha) conducted special events to spread the greatness of the language.
The day was first observed on 10 January 2006. And, it is in addition to the National Hindi Divas that is being celebrated annually on 14 September.
National Hindi Divas is celebrated to mark the day, 14 September 1949, on which the Constituent Assembly adopted Hindi written in Devanagari script as the Official Language of the Union.
While the focus of the World Hindi Day is the promotion of the at the global stage, the National Hindi Divas is held across the country.
• Hindi as a language is the fourth most spoken language of the world.
• In India, Hindi is used as a mother tongue by around 258 million people.
• It is a native language for most people living in Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Chandigarh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, and Rajasthan.
• Outside Asia, Hindi is an official language in Fiji. The Constitution of Fiji states 3 official languages, namely English, Fijian, and Hindi. The dialect of Hindi spoken there is known as Fiji Baat or Fiji Hindi.
• At present Hindi as a language is spoken in more than 20 countries around the world and is being taught in 150 Universities of the world.
Constitutional Provision for Hindi language
Official Language policy of the Union has been explained in detail under Article 120 (Part-V), Article 210 (Part-VI) and, especially in Part XVII, Article 343, 344 and from 348 to 351.
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Who: 11th World Hindi Day
Where: Across the World
When: 10 January 2016