Egypt Panel approved New Draft Constitution
An Egyptian constitutional panel on 1 December 2013 approved a new draft constitution for Egypt.
An Egyptian constitutional panel on 1 December 2013 approved a new draft constitution for Egypt Government.
50-member constitution-drafting panel headed by Amre Moussa approved draft-constitution, which contains 247 Articles. According to the country’s officials, the referendum on the draft constitution is to be held in January 2014.
Key provision in the new draft Constitution
• President to only serve two four-year terms.
• Candidates must be at least 40 years old.
• President appoints prime minister.
• President can dismiss the government with the approval of the majority of parliament.
• It gives more power to military, including an article that allows trial of civilians in martial courts.
• Military budget to be discussed by a national defence council.
• The defense minister must be appointed in agreement with the military.
• Islamic law, or sharia, the main source of legislation.
• Political parties may not be formed on the basis of religion.
Freedom and rights
• Political parties cannot be formed on the basis of gender, race, sect or geography.
• Parties must not have military or paramilitary components.
• Citizens have the right to organise public meetings and demonstrations and all forms of peaceful protests.
- Egypt is witnessing a political crisis since the resignation of the long-serving leader Hosni Mubarak in February 2011 (During the Arab spring).
- The country is deeply divided between Islamist and secular groups, while the Egyptian military remains the country's chief decision-maker.
- The first democratic elections held for Egypt in December 2011, and won by the Islamist-Muslim Brotherhood group. But Egypt’s first democratically elected parliament was dissolved in June 2012.
- The Muslim Brotherhood candidate Mohammed Morsi won the presidential elections in June 2012.
- In July 2013, Egyptian army ousted Morsi’s government, suspended the constitution and dissolved the parliament and army appointed Mansour as the new interim president.
- The interim authorities suspended the previous constitution written under Morsi’s government and appointed new panel for new constitution in September 2013.
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