Election Commission of India on 19 May 2016 announced results of 2016 by-election held for four states, namely Gujarat, Jharkhand, Telangana and Uttar Pradesh.
Jharkhand: The elections were held for two seats, Godda and Panki. The Godda seat was won by Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), while the Panki seat went to Indian National Congress (INC). The by-polls were necessitated following deaths of Raghunandan Mandal and Bidesh Singh earlier in 2016.
Uttar Pradesh: The elections were held for two seats, Bilari and Jangipur. Both the seats, which fell vacant after death of two MLAs, namely Kailash Yadav and Haji Mohammad Irfan, were won by incumbent Samajwadi Party.
Gujarat: BJP won the Talala assembly constituency in Gir Somnath district on which the election was held. The party was able to win the seat from Talala for the first time in 10 years. The by-polls were necessitated due to death of the Congress sitting MLA Jashubhai Barad in January 2016 after brief illness.
Telangana: Telangana Rashtra Samithi won the Palair assembly constituency. The by-poll was necessitated due to death of Ramreddy Venkat Reddy, a leader of Congress.
Meghalaya: National People's Party (NPP) candidate Conrad K Sangma won the Tura Lok Sabha seat. Conard is a former state finance minister and the youngest son of Purno Agitok Sangma, whose death in March 2016 necessitated the byelection.
Article 324 (1) vests in the Election Commission the powers of superintendence, direction and control of the elections to both Houses of the State Legislature. Detailed provisions are made under the Representation of the People Act, 1951 and the rules made thereunder.
By-elections are the elections, which is used to fill elected offices that become vacant between two general elections/assembly elections. These elections are brought in practice after the incumbent either resigns or dies, but also occur when he/she becomes ineligible to continue in the office.
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