The World Health Organization (WHO) on 20 April 2016 announced that the European Region became the first in the world to have achieved interruption of indigenous malaria transmission. The number of indigenous malaria cases in the region dropped from 90712 in 1995 to zero cases in 2015.
WHO released the figures in World Malaria Report 2015.
Besides, WHO announced that the European Region hit its 2015 target to wipe out malaria, thus contributing to the global goal to End malaria for good.
Key highlights of the World Malaria Report 2015
• The number of malaria cases globally fell from an estimated 262 million in 2000 to 214 million in 2015, a decline of 18%.
• The number of malaria deaths globally fell from an estimated 839000 in 2000 to 438 000 in 2015, a decline of 48%.
• The number of malaria deaths in children aged under 5 years is estimated to have decreased from 723000 globally in 2000.
• The proportion of children infected with malaria parasites has halved in endemic areas of Africa since 2000. Infection prevalence among children aged 2–10 years is estimated to have declined from 33% in 2000 to 16% in 2015, with three quarters of this change occurring after 2005.
• It is estimated that a cumulative 1.2 billion fewer malaria cases and 6.2 million fewer malaria deaths occurred globally between 2001 and 2015 than would have been the case had incidence and mortality rates remained unchanged since 2000.
• The WHO European Region reported zero indigenous cases for the first time in 2015, in line with the goal of the Tashkent Declaration to eliminate malaria from the region by 2015.
Report with respect to India
• Funding for malaria control is lowest in countries with the largest populations at risk, including India and Indonesia.
• In 2014, all countries, except India, Indonesia and Nepal, reported delivering sufficient quantities of antimalarial medicines (including ACT) to treat all reported cases in public health facilities.
• In India, there is widespread resistance to DDT and pyrethroids, and areas with carbamate and organophosphate (malathion) resistance.
• The number of confirmed malaria cases reported in the South-East Asia region decreased from 2.9 million to 1.6 million between 2000 and 2014. Just three countries accounted for 96% of cases in 2014: India (70%), Indonesia (16%) and Myanmar (10%).
• The years 2011 and 2012 saw renewed malaria transmission in Georgia (isolated cases) and in Greece and Turkey (localized outbreaks), as a result of malaria importation from other endemic countries including India.
• National Malaria Control Programmes reported that about 116 million people worldwide were protected by Indoor Residual Spray (IRS) in 2014. This comprises 50 million people in the WHO African Region, and 49 million people in the WHO South-East Asia Region, of whom over 44 million were in India.
Now get latest Current Affairs on mobile, Download # 1 Current Affairs App