Former Chief Justice of India PN Bhagwati passed away on 15 June 2017 following a brief illness in New Delhi. He was 95. He is survived by his wife and three daughters.
Bhagwati was considered as a pioneer of Judicial Activism in the country for introducing the concept of PILs.
About Justice PN Bhagwati
• As the 17th Chief Justice of India, Bhagwati remained on the highest judicial post between July 1985 and December 1986.
• After serving as the Chief Justice of the Gujarat High Court, he was appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court in July 1973.
• As a Supreme Court judge, Bhagwati introduced the concepts of Public Interest Litigations (PIL) and absolute liability in the Indian judicial system.
• He was instrumental in furthering the cause of prisoners when he ruled that they too enjoyed fundamental rights.
• One of the important judgments pronounced by him was in the Maneka Gandhi passport impounding case in 1978 in which he elaborated the concept of Right To Life, and ruled that a person's movement cannot be restricted.
• He was the only dissenting judge in the Minerva Mill case who upheld the 42nd Constitution amendment during Emergency.