Gagandeep Kang becomes first Indian female FRS; Christina Koch set to record for longest spaceflight - Current Affairs
Gagandeep Kang is the first Indian woman scientist getting selected as Fellow of Royal Society (FRS) in 358 years of history of this prestigious scientific academy.
Story 1: Gagandeep Kang becoms 1st Indian woman scientist in Fellow of Royal Society in 358 years
Gagandeep Kang has become first Indian woman scientists selected for Fellow of Royal Society (FRS), London. She is the first Indian woman scientist getting selected as FRS in 358 years of history of this prestigious scientific academy.
She is known for her interdisciplinary research, development and prevention of enteric infections in children in India. In her achievements, Kang has built national rotavirus and typhoid surveillance networks, established laboratories to support vaccine trials and conducted phase 1-3 clinical trials of vaccines. Among the 2019 announcements apart from Dr Gagandeep Kang, Mumbai-born Padma Bhushan awardee Dr Yusuf Hamied has also elected as Honorary Fellow.
Fellows of the Royal Society -2019
Professor Salim S. Abdool Karim FRS
Director, Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa (CAPRISA), CAPRISA Professor of Global Health, Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University and Pro Vice-Chancellor (Research), University of KwaZulu-Natal
Professor Charles Bangham FMedSci FRS
Professor of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London
Professor Gurdyal Besra FMedSci FRS
Bardrick Professor of Microbial Physiology and Chemistry, Institute of Microbiology and Infection, School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham
Professor Manjul Bhargava FRS
R. Brandon Fradd Professor of Mathematics, Department of Mathematics, Princeton University
Professor Caucher Birkar FRS
Professor of Mathematics, Department of Pure Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics, University of Cambridge
Professor Benjamin Blencowe FRS
Professor and Banbury Chair in Medical Research, University of Toronto
Dr James Briscoe FRS
Senior Group Leader, Developmental Dynamics Laboratory, Francis Crick Institute
Professor Peter Butler FRS
Professor of Physics, Department of Physics, University of Liverpool
Professor Lucy Carpenter FRS
Professor of Atmospheric Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of York
Professor Sarah C. Darby FRS
Professor of Medical Statistics, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford
Professor George Davey Smith FMedSci FRS
Professor of Clinical Epidemiology, Population Health Sciences, Bristol Medical School, University of Bristol
Some statistics about this year’s intake are as follows:
Professor Martin Embley FRS
Professor of Molecular Evolutionary Biology, Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Dr Bernard Fanaroff FRS
Special Advisor to the Managing Director, South African Radio Astronomy Observatory and Square Kilometre Array South Africa
Professor Jonathan Flint FRS
Billy and Audrey Wilder Professor of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences at the David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles
Professor Véronique Gouverneur FRS
Professor of Chemistry, Chemistry Research Laboratory, University of Oxford
Professor Christopher Hacon FRS
McMinn Presidential Endowed Chair, and Distinguished Professor, Department of Mathematics, University of Utah
Professor Mark Handley FRS
Professor of Networked Systems, Department of Computer Science, University College London
Professor Richard Harland FRS
CH Li Distinguished Professor of Genetics and Senior Associate Dean of Biological Sciences, Genomics and Development, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley
Professor Peter Haynes FRS
Professor of Applied Mathematics, Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics University of Cambridge
Professor Martin Head-Gordon FRS
Kenneth S Pitzer Distinguished Professor of Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley and Senior Faculty Scientist, Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Professor Matthew Hurles FRS
Senior Group Leader and Head of Human Genetics, Wellcome Sanger Institute
Professor Richard Jozsa FRS
Leigh Trapnell Professor of Quantum Physics, Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, Centre for Mathematical Sciences, University of Cambridge
Professor Gagandeep Kang FRS
Executive Director, Translational Health Science and Technology Institute, India
Professor Steve Kay FRS
Provost Professor of Neurology and Director of Convergent Bioscence, University of Southern California
Professor John-Michael Kendall FRS
BGS Professor of Geophysics, School of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol
Professor Roy Kerr FRS
Canterbury Distinguished Professor, Mathematics Department, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
Professor Jonathan Knight FRS
Professor of Physics, Department of Physics, University of Bath and Pro-Vice-Chancellor (Research), University of Bath
Dr Yusuf Hamied FRS
About Royal Society
It’s origin lie in a 1660 ‘invisible college’ of natural philosophers and physicians. Today they have UK’s national science academy and a Fellowship of some 1,600 of the world’s most eminent scientists. The Royal Society's motto 'Nullius in verba' is taken to mean 'take nobody's word for it.' Isaac Newton (1672), Charles Darwin (1839), Michael Faraday (1824), Ernest Rutherford (1903), Albert Einstein (1921), Dorothy Hodgkin (1947), Alan Turing (1951) and Francis Crick (1959), Srinivasa Ramanujan (1918) and Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (1944) were some eminent scientists awarded by FRS.
Story 2: Christina Koch to set record for longest spaceflight by a woman
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) announced that astronaut Christina Koch is going to have her mission on the International Space Station (ISS) extended to 328 days. She would set a record for the longest single spaceflight by a woman.
Michigan resident and forty years old Christina Koch is already on ISS; she reached there on March 14, 2019. She will remain in space until February 2020 that will complete her 328 days stay in ISS. As per the records, If Koch completes her 328 days on ISS; she will break the record for the single longest spaceflight by a woman of 288 days set by retired astronaut Peggy Whitson in 2016-17.
- Koch and fellow NASA astronaut Nick Hague, and Roscosmos cosmonaut Alexey Ovchinin will remain aboard the space station and begin Expedition 60.
- In about three months’ time, she will be joined by two NASA astronauts, Andrew Morgan and Jessica Meir, who will make their first spaceflight in July.
- Meir is set to fly back earlier, Morgan will reportedly remain at the ISS until at least March 2020, further contributing to the study of how extended space travel can impact bodily systems and have altering effects on us.
- Koch will also enter the list of the most illustrious women in the field of astronomy, alongside the likes of Sunita Williams and Katie Bouman.
- Koch’s return to Earth is set for some time in February 2020.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the United States responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research. NASA was established in 1958, succeeding the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). The new agency was to have a distinctly civilian orientation, encouraging peaceful applications in space science. Since its establishment, most US space exploration efforts have been led by NASA, including the Apollo Moon landing missions, the Skylab space station, and later the Space Shuttle. NASA is supporting the International Space Station and is overseeing the development of the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle, the Space Launch System and Commercial Crew vehicles. The agency is also responsible for the Launch Services Program which provides oversight of launch operations and countdown management for unmanned NASA launches.