Idriss Deby was on 21 April 2016 elected as the President of Chad. With this, Deby became the incumbent President with fifth term in office in a lopsided first-round victory.
In the 2016 election, Idriss Deby of Patriotic Salvation Movement (MPS) party secured the 61.56 percent of the vote in the first-round runoff.
The opposition leader Saleh Kebzabo finished at second position with 12.80 percent of the vote followed by Laokein Kourayo Mbaiherem with 10.60 percent.
Deby won the first term as the President of Chad in 1990 after overthrowing President Hissene Habre in a military coup. Later, he won the elections in 1996 and 2001 and again in 2006 and 2011.
Currently, Deby is also the Chairperson of the African Union (AU) and was elected by the Assembly of Heads of State of AU in January 2016 for one year term.
Chad is a landlocked country in northern Central Africa. It is a former French Colony and became independent in 1960. It is one of the poorest and most corrupt countries in the world as most inhabitants live in poverty as subsistence herders and farmers.
Since 2003, crude oil is country’s primary source of export earnings. Despite a wealth of new oil resources since 2003, half of the population of 13 million lives below the poverty line and seven out of 10 people cannot even read or write.
Chad is also the base for France’s military operations in Africa.
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