INS Ranjit decommissioned; World Asthma Day 2019 observed - Current Affairs
INS Ranjit was commissioned in the fleet of Indian Navy on September 15, 1983. The ship has since then sailed for 2190 days, covering a distance of over 7,43,000 nautical miles. In 36 years of its service, the ship has served both western and eastern seaboard and has been the flagship of both the western and eastern fleets.
Story 1: INS Ranjit decommissioned at Visakhapatnam
INS Ranjit, a Rajput class front-line missile destroyer, was decommissioned at a ceremony at Naval Dockyard at Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh, after having served the Indian Navy for 36 years.
On the sunset of May 6, 2019, the National Flag, Naval Ensign and Commissioning Pennant onboard the INS Ranjit were lowered for one last time, indicating the end of the Ranjit era in the Indian Navy.
The ship was commissioned in the fleet of Indian Navy on September 15, 1983. The ship has since then sailed for 2190 days, covering a distance of over 7,43,000 nautical miles.
The Decommissioning Ceremony was graced by 16 officers and 10 sailors of the commissioning crew as well as 23 erstwhile Commanding Officers who have been part of Ranjit’s journey.
• The Indian Navy Ship (INS) Ranjit was commissioned on September 15, 1983 by Captain Vishnu Bhagwat in erstwhile USSR.
• The ship is the third of the five Kashin-class destroyers built by erstwhile Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
• The ship was constructed as Yard 2203 in the 61 Communards shipyard in Nikolev in present-day Ukraine. The ship was initially given the Russian name ‘Lovkly’ which means ‘Agile’.
• INS Ranjit has a motto of 'Sada Rane Jayate' or 'Ever Victorious in Battle'. The ship has always been at the forefront in keeping the nation secure.
• In 2003-04 and 2009-10, the ship was awarded with the ‘Unit Citation’ in recognition of her service.
• The ship has been helmed by 27 commanding officers. The last commanding officer, Captain Vikram C Mehra has been in command since June 2017.
36 years of INS Ranjit
In the last 36 years, the ship has served both western and eastern seaboard and has been the flagship of both the western and eastern fleets.
The ship undertook some of the key operations such as IPKF operations and Operation Talwar during the Kargil conflict. In 2003, the ship was deployed off Mozambique to provide security cover to the African Union Summit.
The ship was actively deployed as part of relief operations post 2004 Tsunami and cyclone Hud-Hud in 2014.
Story 2: World Asthma Day 2019 observed globally
First Tuesday of May: World Asthma Day
The World Asthma Day was observed across the globe on May 7, 2019, the first Tuesday of May 2019. The day is observed across the world to spread awareness about Asthma and its care around the world.
The day is organised and sponsored by the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) as a partnership between health care groups and asthma educators to raise awareness about asthma.
The theme of World Asthma Day 2019 was ‘STOP for Asthma’. Here, STOP stands for:
• Symptom evaluation
• Test Response
• Observe and assess
• Proceed to adjust treatment
What is Asthma?
Asthma is a common lung condition that causes breathing problems. It is a long term chronic disease which is characterised by recurrent attacks of breathlessness and wheezing, which varies in severity and frequency from person to person.
Its symptoms are breathlessness, coughing and difficulty in catching a breath. Symptoms become worse during physical activity and at night.
Few signs of Asthma attack:
• Difficulty in breathing
• Chest tightness or pressure
• Difficulties in speaking or coughing
• Feeling anxious and distressed
• Lips may begin to turn blue
• Pale and sweaty face
Cure: There is no defined cure of Asthma till date. Asthma patients usually resort to inhalers to prevent and relieve the symptoms. It is generally advised to seek immediate medical help, if asthma attack becomes severe.
GINA Global Strategy to control Asthma
The GINA Global Strategy for Asthma Management and Prevention sets out a strategy for achieving and maintaining asthma control. The strategy requires four interrelated components of therapy:
• Develop patient/doctor partnership
• Identify and reduce exposure to risk factors
• Assess, treat, and monitor asthma
• Manage asthma exacerbations
World Asthma Day
The World Asthma Day is celebrated every year by the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) on the first Tuesday in May. The Day was first organised in 1998 and was celebrated across 35 counties in conjunction with the first World Asthma Meeting held in Barcelona, Spain.
Every year, GINA chooses a theme, coordinates preparation and distributes World Asthma Day materials and resources.
Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA)
The Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) was launched in 1993 in collaboration with the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, USA, and the World Health Organisation (WHO).
GINA works with health care professionals and public health officials around the world to reduce asthma prevalence, morbidity, and mortality. GINA is also one of the founding participants in the World Health Organization's Global Alliance against Chronic Respiratory Diseases (GARD).