1 May: International Labour Day
International Labour Day 2017 was celebrated across the world on 1 May 2017. The day is also known as International Worker's Day and May Day.
The day is celebrated by the working classes and is promoted by the international labour movement, socialists and communists.
Why 1 May is observed as International Labour Day?
• The International Labour Day is celebrated to commemorate the happenings of 4 May 1886, the Haymarket affair (Haymarket Massacre) in the Chicago.
• It was a big event as workers were on the general strike for their eight-hour workday and police were doing their job of dispersing the general public from the crowd. Suddenly, a bomb was thrown over the crowd and then police started firing over the workers and four demonstrators were killed.
• It was due to the sacrifice of these workers that eight-hours was declared as the legal time for the workers in the National Convention at Chicago in 1884 by the American Federation of Labor.
• To commemorate this event, the Second International, a pan-national organization of socialist and communist political parties, marked 1 May as the International Labour Day in 1891.