ISRO successfully tested high-thrust Cryogenic Engine CE-20

Feb 22, 2016 11:57 IST

high-thrust cryogenic engine CE-20The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on 19 February 2016 successfully tested high-thrust cryogenic engine CE-20 at its Propulsion Research Centre in Mahendragiri, Tamil Nadu.

The successful hotbed test lasted 640 seconds and paved the way for the first developmental flight of the GSLV Mark 3 in December 2016.

The GSLV Mark 3, the biggest rocket made in India, will be capable of launching 4-tonne satellites into geosynchronous orbit.

So far India's GSLVs were being powered by cryogenic engines given by Russia. But this development marks a milestone in the country's effort to develop a big cryogenic engine to fly satellites of up to five tonnes.

About Cryogenic Engine

• It uses Hydrogen as fuel, stored at minus 253 degrees Celsius and liquid oxygen as oxidizer at minus 193 degrees Celsius.

• The CE-20 has been developed at the Liquid Propulsion System centre (LPSC) in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.

• It can develop the thrust needed in the final stage of the rocket to put satellites, weighing two tonnes or more, into a geosynchronous orbit.

• It will also give boost to India’s interplanetary probes and manned space missions.

• It is essential to master this technology for any space power as launching heavier satellites requires cryogenic engines even in the lower stages of the rocket.

Background

India has been on a long arduous journey to develop an operational indigenous cryogenic engine which began around 30 years ago.

The first success came in January 2014 when India successfully launched GSLV-D5, marking the first successful launch of a vehicle with an indigenous cryogenic engine. But at present, India can only launch satellites of up to two tonnes.

Is this article important for exams ? Yes57 People Agreed
Read more Current Affairs on: ISRO , space research , Cryogenic Engine , CE-20 , GSLV Mark 3 , geosynchronous orbit

DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

Latest Videos

Register to get FREE updates

    All Fields Mandatory
  • (Ex:9123456789)
  • Please Select Your Interest
  • Please specify

  • ajax-loader
  • A verifcation code has been sent to
    your mobile number

    Please enter the verification code below

This website uses cookie or similar technologies, to enhance your browsing experience and provide personalised recommendations. By continuing to use our website, you agree to our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. OK