Two Indian cities, Mumbai and Kota have been named among the world’s most crowded cities list, according to the World Economic Forum (WEF) that cited UN-Habitat data.
While Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh topped the list with a population density of 44,500 people per sq km, Mumbai, India’s financial capital with a population density of 31,700 per sq km was placed second.
• Medellin in Columbia features at the third place with 19,700 people per sq km.
• The fourth, fifth and sixth position have been occupied by Manila, the capital city of Philippines, Casablanca, the port city of Morocco and Nigeria’s largest city, Lagos respectively.
• Kota in Rajasthan with 12,100 people per square kilometre was ranked 7th.
• Other cities in the top 10 include Singapore at 8th position and Jakarta, Indonesia’s capital at 9th.
Currently, more than half of the world’s population lives in urban areas and the United Nations (UN) expects that proportion to increase to 66 percent by 2050 with almost 90 percent of the increase concentrated in Asia and Africa.
The World Economic Forum explained the sudden shift in population density to urban areas by stating that though there are various reasons why vast numbers of people decide to settle in urban areas, in the majority of the cases it boils down to the simple fact that cities are where the work is.
The same is clear from the increasing number of inhabitants in urban slum areas like Dharavi in Mumbai and Kibera in Africa.