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OBC Ministry to be created in Maharashtra

Dec 21, 2016 09:15 IST

Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis on 20 December 2016 announced that a separate Ministry will be created for Other Backward Classes (OBCs). This ministry will be headed by an independent minister.

The announcement was made at the concluding session of the Kunbi Mahotsav at Shahapur in Thane district of the state.

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Besides, the Chief Minister also announced funds worth Rs 200 crore for gravity-based water supply projects. These projects will help in fulfilling the need of the town and surrounding areas.

He said that a policy will be prepared under which villages that provide land for dam projects would be entitled to the water from that project. 

In addition to this, he also directed the Zila Parishad of Thane to prepare a tourist circuit plan for Murbad and Shahpur talukas. He assured that maximum funds will be provided for the development of the plan.

The CM further said, in order to increase the green cover across the state, the government has come up with a target of planting 50 crore saplings in next three years.

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Earlier, on 19 December 2016, the state government adopted a resolution that seeks to boost plantation drive to increase the green cover of the state. As per the resolution, four crore saplings will be planted during the 2017 monsoon, which will be followed by planting 13 crore saplings during the monsoon season of 2018. 33 crore saplings will be planted during the rainy season of 2019.

Other Backward Classes (OBC)

OBC is a collective term that is used the Union Government to classify caste that is socially and educationally disadvantaged. The Mandal Commission report of 1980, found that the OBC list comprises of 52 percent of the country’s population. The figure shrunk to 41 percent by 2006, when the National Sample Survey Organisation took place.
They are entitled to 27 percent reservations in public sector employment and higher education. Constitutionally, OBC is described as socially and educationally backwards class.

Status of Reservation of OBC in Various States
The status is based on information given by the Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment, Sudarshan Bhagat in a written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha on 14 August 2014.

The list was prepared on the basis of the recommendations of the BP Mandal Commission that was formed for the upliftment of backwards classes.

Here is the list of people who were benefitted from reservation system (The details obtained from the DoPT are):

S.No.

Year

OBC

1

2007

196236

2

2008

390286

3

2009

410948

4

2010

447717

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State wise list

S. No.

Name State/UT

Reservation Quota for OBCs in States/UTs

1

Andhra Pradesh

Reservation to OBCs in State aided Educational Institutions and in State services is 29 percent. It is divided among five groups as under:

BC-A=7 percent, BC-B=10 percent, BC-C=01 percent, BC- D=07 percent, BC- E=04 percent.

2

Arunachal Pradesh

There is no OBC population in the State. Hence there is no reservation for OBCs in the State.

3

Assam

Providing 27 percent reservation to OBCs in State services.

4

Bihar

The OBCs reservation quota in the State is  as follows:

BC-II- 12 percent

BC-I – 18 percent

OBCs Women- 03 percent  

5

Chhattisgarh

Providing 14 percent reservation to OBCs in State services.   

6

NCT of Delhi

27 percent reservation in civil posts and services.

7

Goa

Government of Goa has approved enhancement of OBC quota from 19.5 percent to 27 percent.

8

Gujarat

Providing 27 percent reservation to socially and educationally backward class in State services.

9

Haryana

Providing 27 percent reservation in class III & IV and 10 percent in class I & II to OBCs in State services.

10

Himachal Pradesh

Providing reservation @ 12 percent in Class-I & II and 18 percent in Class-III & IV posts to the persons belonging to OBC category, in the services of the State.

11

J & K

Providing reservation to Socially and Educationally Backward Classes in direct recruitment as under:

(i)   Weak & Under Privileged Classes (social castes)  2 percent

(ii)  Residents of Areas adjoining Line Actual

Line of Control (ALC) 3 percent

(iii) Residents of Backward Areas (RBA) 20 percent.   

For appointment by promotion as under :

Resident of Backward Area – 10 percent

Actual Line of Control (ALC) – 02 percent

Weak and under privileged Classes – 01 percent

12

Jharkhand

Providing 14 percent reservation to OBCs.   

13

Karnataka

Providing 32 percent reservation to OBCs for the purpose of admission to Educational Institutions and in Employment in State Civil Services and Government of Karnataka Undertakings.   

14

Kerala

Providing 40 percent reservation to OBCs.  

15

Madhya Pradesh

Providing 14 percent reservation to OBCs in the State.   

16

Maharashtra

Providing reservation to OBCs in State services as under:   

Special Backward Category 2 percent

Other Backward Classes 19 percent

17

Manipur

Providing 17 percent reservation for OBCs in the State.

18

Meghalaya

No community has been recognized as OBCs. 

19

Mizoram

There is no OBC in the State.  Hence making reservation for OBC in the State does not arise.

20

Nagaland

State of Nagaland does not have OBC.

21

Odisha

Provision for reservation of 27 percent for Socially and Educationally Backward Classes in the posts and services in the State.

22

Punjab

Providing 12 percent reservation to Backward Classes in direct recruitment in government employment and 5 percent reservation in educational institutions.   

23

Rajasthan

Providing 21 percent reservation to OBCs in State services.   

24

Sikkim

Reservation in posts and services to be filled up by direct recruitment by OBCs under the State Govt. & Public Sector Undertaking is 21 percent.

25

Tamil Nadu

Providing reservation to OBCs in the State level Services as under:

Backward Classes 26.5 percent

Backward Classes  Muslim 3.5 percent

Most Backward Classes/Denotified Community 20 percent.   

26

Tripura

There is no reservation quota for OBCs in the State.

27

Uttar Pradesh

Providing 27 percent reservation to OBCs. 

28

Uttarakhand

Providing 14 percent reservation to OBCs in State level services.   

29

West Bengal

17 percent of the vacancies are reserved for OBCs in services and posts under the Government of West Bengal.

30

A & N Islands

Providing 38 percent reservation to OBCs.

31

Chandigarh

Providing 27 percent reservation to OBCs in State services.  

32

Daman & Diu

Providing 27 percent reservation to OBCs in State services.   

33

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

Providing 5 percent reservation to OBCs in State services.   

34

Lakshadweep

There is no OBC population in this Union Territory because entire population is Muslim Scheduled Tribe. Hence Nil.

35

Puducherry

Providing reservation to OBCs in State services as under :

Most Backward Classes (MBCs) 20 percent

Other Backward Classes (OBCs) 13 percent

Backward Tribes (BT) 1 percent

Total Backward Classes 34 percent

Gravity-based Water Supply System

Gravity systems are water distribution schemes (without pumping) where the power of the earth gravity force is used to bring water from a high entry point to the lower outlet.
Gravity schemes require the less operational cost for power and pump operation and less maintenance as compared to pumped schemes.

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