Peter Higgs, United Kingdom and Francois Englert , Belgium jointly awarded Nobel Prize for Physics 2013 on 8 October 2013.
They were awarded for the theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles. Their contribution forms the cornerstone of modern particle physics.
Higgs and Francois Englert discovered a quantum field which is a distribution of energy, throughout the universe. It is a field with special properties. When the field is disturbed, waves travel through it. The dimmest possible wave is called a particle in the field. They called this field as Higgs field. In the Higgs field particles are called as Higgs Boson.
The existence of Higgs Boson was confirmed through the discovery of the predicted fundamental particle by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN's Large Hadron Collider (LHG) near Geneva, Switzerland.
About The Higgs boson
• Higgs boson popularly known as the God particle.
• It is sub atomic particle.
• Elementary particles may have gained their mass because of the Higgs boson particle.
About the Nobel Prize
• Alfred Nobel signed On 27 November 1895 his last will and testament, giving the largest share of his fortune to a series of prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature and Peace.
• In 1968, Sveriges Riksbank (Sweden's central bank) established The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel.
• The Nobel Prizes are annual international awards bestowed by Scandinavian committees in recognition of cultural and scientific advances.
When: 8 October 2013