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Police Commemoration Day observed on October 21

The Police Commemoration Day commemorates the sacrifices of ten policemen who defended India’s borders with China in 1959. The Indian police personnel guarded the 2,500 mile border of India with Tibet until the autumn of 1959.

Oct 21, 2017 09:14 IST
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The Police Commemoration Day is observed annually on 21 October. This year the Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh paid homage to the Police Martyrs at the Police Memorial Ground in Delhi.

The day commemorates the sacrifices of ten policemen who defended India’s borders with China in 1959. The Indian police personnel guarded the 2,500 mile lborder of India with Tibet until the autumn of 1959.

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Background

•  On October 20, 1959, three reconnaissance parties were launched from Hot Springs in North Eastern Ladakh.  

•  It was found that two parties of the three returned to Hot Springs by the afternoon of that day, the third one comprising of two Police Constables and a Porter did not come back.

•  Search for the missing personnel started. Deputy Central Intelligence Officer Karam Singh led some 20 Police personnel went ahead on horseback while others followed on foot.

•  Taking advantage of the situation, Chinese Army personnel opened fire and threw grenades at the Indian party from hillock.

•  Ten of the brave Police Personnel attained martyrdom and seven others sustained injuries during the fight.

•  The Chinese took seven of the injured to prison and the bodies of the ten personnel were returned by the Chinese a full three weeks after the incident.

•  It was decided to observe ‘Commemoration Day’ in all Police Lines throughout India  on 21 October to mark the memory of the brave  personnel killed in 1959.

•  A memorial in the martyrs’ honour is also built at Hot Springs.

•  The Police Commemoration Day Parade is also held at the National level at the Police Memorial, Delhi.

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