Supreme Court of India in its landmark judgment of 15 April 2014 recognised transgender as the third category of sex. In its judgment the Apex Court claimed transgenders as socially and economically backward.
A bench of Supreme Court comprising Justice KS Radhakrishnan and AK Sikri in its decision had directed the center and state governments to take essential steps for bringing the community into the mainstream by providing adequate healthcare, education and employment.
Other important points of the decision
• In its direction the bench of Supreme Court has also asked the governments to grant them all facilities like voter, driving license, ration card and passport.
• The Court expressed concern over discrimination and harassment of the transgenders across the country and thus it has asked the government to take remedial measures
• It has also directed the governments at both levels to work and raise awareness about them through social welfare schemes.
The decision came while hearing PIL (Public Interest Litigation) of National Legal Services Authority (NALSA) vs Union of India & Ors. [Writ Petition (Civil) No. 400 of 2012] filed in October 2012.
Where: in India
When: 15 April 2014