The Supreme Court of India on 7 February 2013 directed Karnataka to release 2.44 thousand million cubic feet of Cauvery water to the state of Tamil Nadu with immediate effect.
The bench of Justices R M Lodha, J Chelameswar and Madan B Lokur gave the order on the basis of report submitted by the committee of Central Water Commission that was appointed on the orders of the Apex Court.
Sharing Cauvery waters has remained a source of disagreement between the states of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka since 1892. The dispute is based on the agreements which were signed in 1892 and 1924 between former Madras Presidency and Princely State of Mysore.
In the development of the dispute that took place in recent past, i.e., on 6 December 2012, the Apex Court had directed Karnataka to release 10000 cusecs water to Tamil Nadu. The decision came in order to save the standing crops of both Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.