Health Ministry on 5 September 2016 launched the Leprosy Case Detection campaign (LCDC) in the country. Objective of the campaign is to detect the disease early so that those affected can be saved from physical deformity.
As per the Health Ministry release about 32 crore people across 149 districts of 19 States and Union Territories will be screened under the fortnight-long campaign.
Key highlights of the campaign
• It includes, the districts having a prevalence rate of more than one case per 10000 people in the last three years.
• Around three lakh teams will visit every house in their allotted area and screen all the family members for leprosy.
• The states and UTs to be covered in this campaign include Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Haryana, Maharashtra, Nagaland, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Uttarakhand, West Bengal, Delhi, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Lakshadweep.
• Chhattisgarh has the highest number of districts to be covered, followed by Dadra Nagar and Haveli.
The first Leprosy Case Detection Campaign was launched in March 2016 in 50 districts of 7 states namely Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh. During the campaign, around 65427 suspected cases were identified out of which nearly 4120 were later confirmed.
• It is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae.
• It is a leading cause of permanent physical disability.
• It usually affects the skin and peripheral nerves, but has a wide range of clinical manifestations.
• The disease is characterized by long incubation period generally 5-7 years.
• The effective way of preventing disability due to leprosy is timely diagnosis and treatment of cases, before nerve damage has occurred.
As per records, leprosy cases in India was reduced to one lakh in 2005 from 30 lakh in 2003, but since then there has been no remarkable achievement in terms of its complete elimination.
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