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With expanding Urbanisation, Villages thinning out revealed by Census 2011

Dec 11, 2013 16:56 IST

According to the rural data of the Census 2011 released on 10 December 2013, the rural population is increasingly getting concentrated in a narrow band of villages ranging from the size of 2000 population to the size of 10000 population. The Census further revealed that close to 50% of the rural population now lives in just 1.2 lakh villages. The remaining 50% lives in 4.8 lakh villages.

According to the Census 2011, out of 640930 villages 597483 villages were inhabited whereas 43447 villages were deserted. In the previous Census held in 2001, there were 5.93 lakh villages with inhabitants and there were 44865 deserted villages.

Between 2001 and 2011, the share of rural population living in villages with less than 2000 population went down from 46 percent to 41 percent. To the contrary the share of population living in the biggest villages (with over 10000 population size) went up marginally from 8.55 percent to 8.68 percent between the two census counts.

There were 670 more big villages in 2011 than in 2001. Uttar Pradesh has the most number of 10000+ villages. Kerala stands next in having bigger villages.

Village size

 Census 2001

Census 2011

 Less than 2000






Between 2000 and 9999



Above 10000



Some Statistics related to Rural-Urban data: Census 2011
Population in Crores

















• For the first time since Independence, the absolute increase in population is more in urban areas that in rural areas
• Rural–Urban distribution: 68.84% & 31.16%
• Level of urbanization increased from 27.81% in 2001 Census to 31.16% in 2011 Census
• The proportion of rural population declined from 72.19% to 68.84%

State wise data on level of urbanization and rural population
• Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal are respectively the states with the highest rural population in India.
• In percentage terms Himachal Pradesh, Bihar, Assam, Orissa, Meghalaya are the most rural states.
• Sikkim, Mizoram and Goa are the states with least rural populations.
• Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu are the states with highest absolute (total) urban population.
• The bottom three states with least urban population are Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram.
• Meghalaya (27%) & Bihar (24%) witnessed the highest growth of rural population among States in 2001-11.
• Four States saw decline in Rural Population during 2001-11.These are Kerala (by 26%), Goa (19%), Nagaland (15%) &Sikkim (5%).

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Read more Current Affairs on: rural , urban , absolute , percentage

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