Kaziranga National Park: The Home of World’s Great One-Horned Rhinoceros
Kaziranga is located between latitudes 26°30' N and 26°45' N, and longitudes 93°08' E to 93°36' E within two districts in the Indian state of Assam -the Kaliabor subdivision of Nagaon district and the Bokakhat subdivision of Golaghat district (Assam). Kaziranga covers an area of 378 km2 (146 sq mi).It is a world heritage site, the park hosts two-thirds of the world’s Great One-horned rhinoceros. Kaziranga has the highest density of tigers among the protected areas in the world and was declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006.
Pictures of Kajiranga National Park:
World famous One-horned rhinoceros @ Kajiranga National Park-
Location of Kajiranga Nationa Park:
Wildlife at the Kajiranga Nationa Park:
Facts about Kajiranga National Park:
- Kaziranga is located between latitudes 26°30' N and 26°45' N, and longitudes 93°08' E to 93°36' E within two districts in the Indian state of Assam -the Kaliabor subdivision of Nagaon district and the Bokakhat subdivision of Golaghat district (Assam).
- After the declaration of national park, Kaziranga was soon declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year 1985.
- The park is approximately 40 km (25 mi) in length from east to west, and 13 km (8 mi) in breadth from north to south.
- In 1904, when Mary Curzon, the wife of the Viceroy of India(Lord Curzon of Kedleston), visited the area but fail to see a single rhinoceros.
- On 1 June 1905, the Kaziranga Proposed Reserve Forest was created with an area of 232 km2.
- The Indian Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) is also called Greater One-horned Rhinoceros and Asian One-horned Rhinoceros and belongs to the Rhinocerotidae family. Listed as a vulnerable species.
- The park is home to large breeding populations of elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer also.
- Kaziranga is recognized as an Important Bird Area by Bird Life International for conservation of avifaunal species.
- The park area is circumscribed by the Brahmaputra River, which forms the northern and eastern boundaries, and the Mora Diphlu, which forms the southern boundary. Other notable rivers within the park are the Diphlu and Mora Dhansiri.
- Kaziranga has flat expanses of fertile, alluvial soil formed by erosion and silt deposition by the Brahmaputra.
- Kaziranga is one of the largest tracts of protected land in the sub-Himalayan belt, and due to the presence of highly diverse and visible species, has been described as a "biodiversity hotspot".
- The park is located in the Indomalaya ecozone, and the dominant biomes of the region are Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests of the tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests biome.
- The summer season between March and May is hot, with temperatures reaching a high of 37 °C (99 °F). During this season, animals usually are found near water bodies.
- During the peak months of July and August, three-fourths of the western region of the park is submerged, due to the rising water level of the Brahmaputra.
- The flooding causes most animals to migrate to elevated and forested regions outside the southern border of the park, such as the Karbi Hills.