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What are HOMONYMS?

Learn what are Homonyms and their various types along with some tips for improving your vocabulary. Homonyms are words that sound like one another but have different meanings. This video will distinguish between two types of Homonyms which are Homographs and Homophones.
Mar 12, 2018 12:34 IST
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A proper understanding of Homonyms helps the students to attempt Verbal Aptitude questions like ‘Fill in the Blanks’ or ‘Cloze Test’ in most competitive exams like Banking and SSC. So let’s understand what are Homonyms and their various types along with some tips for improving your vocabulary.

Homonyms

HOMONYMS

Homonyms are words that sound like one another but have different meanings. The word “Homonym” comes from the prefix “Homo” which means the same, and the suffix “-nym” which means name.

Example: The word “book” can mean something to read or to reserve something. In both the cases, the sound and spelling of the word are same and only the definition changes.

Homonyms Example

Learn to identify SYNONYMS of a word

TYPES OF HOMONYMS

Let us now look at the different types of Homonyms:

TYPE I: HOMOGRAPHS

These are the words with same spelling but different meanings.

Example: Tear means to pull something apart with force. It also means a drop coming out of a person's eye when they cry.

Homographs

Here are some more examples of Homographs:

Homographs Example

Learn to identify ANTONYMS of a word

TYPE II: HOMOPHONES

These are words with the same sound but with different spellings and meanings.

Example: ‘Compliment’ means a polite expression of praise or admiration and ‘Complement’ means a thing that contributes extra features to something else.

Homophones

Here are some more examples of Homophones:

Homophones example

TIPS TO IMPROVE YOUR VOCABULARY LIST OF HOMONYMS

The best way to understand the proper usage of the Homonyms is developing an extensive vocabulary. Let’s look at some ways of doing this:

•    THESAURUS:

Thesaurus

This is an easy way to study and memorize words. There are a lot of online thesauruses like Oxford, Cambridge, etc., available in which a word and its Homonyms can be found in one place.

•    WORD LIST:

Word List

Keep a pocket note book in which you can jot down a few words every day, say 10-20. The most important thing is you must go through the list frequently.

•    ONLINE FLASHCARDS:

Online Flashcards

If you use a mobile or a tablet you can download free flash cards that may help you in learning or remembering new words.

If you found this information on ‘What are HOMONYMS?’ useful, then do visit www.jagranjosh.com for more such videos on Verbal Aptitude.

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