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Download NCERT Sociology: UNDERSTANDING SOCIETY Class XI

It is very important to understand the Social transition and the candidates should write these things in their answers to achieve good rank in the final result of IAS Exam.

Feb 17, 2016 12:16 IST
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Change is the only constant thing in the whole world. Continuity of the Social traditions as well as the social evil side by side is a feature of Indian Society. Education has made its impact but the roots of social evils are so strong that on the societal level these changes are negligible.
Modernisation of Indian Tradition and Indianisation of the Modern Innovation are the two processes which need to be understood in their entirety. Due to the huge market which our nation provides, each of the Western tradition has to mould its innovation for the Indian needs. We can see that Dowry is still persisting in the Indian Society and the surprise truth is that it is more concentrated in the high Class sections of the Indian Society.

Google, Microsoft, Facebook and the other big companies are eyeing the Indian Market and it compels the western Corporate to provide the custom solutions to the Indian Customers due to the heterogeneity of the Indian Society. In the whole process, they influence the Indian society also and hence the society gets transformed.

It is very important to understand this Social transition and the candidates should write these things in their answers to achieve good rank in the final result of IAS Exam.

Following are the chapters of the UNDERSTANDING SOCIETY NCERT book

Chapter 1: SOCIAL STRUCTURE, STRATIFICATION AND SOCIAL PROCESSES IN SOCIETY

You will recall that the earlier book Introducing Sociology; Class XI (NCERT, 2006) had begun with a discussion on the relationship between personal problems and social issues. We also saw how individuals are located within collectivities such as groups, classes, gender, castes and tribes. Indeed each of you, is a member of not just one kind of collectivity, but many overlapping ones.

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Chapter 2: SOCIAL CHANGEAND SOCIAL ORDER IN RURAL AND URBAN SOCIETY

It is often said that change is the only unchanging aspect of society. Anyone living in modern society does not need to be reminded that constant change is among the most permanent features of our society. In fact, the discipline of sociology itself emerged as an effort to make sense of the rapid changes that Western European society had experienced between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries.

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Chapter 3: ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIETY

Look around you. What do you see? If you are in a classroom, you may see students in uniform, sitting on chairs with books open on their desk. There are school bags with lunch and pencil boxes. Ceiling fans might be whirring overhead. Have you ever thought about where these things — school clothes, furniture, bags, electricity, come from? If you trace their origins, you will find that the source of each material object lies in nature.

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Chapter 4: INTRODUCING WESTERN SOCIOLOGISTS

Sociology is sometimes called the child of the ‘age of revolution’. This is because it was born in 19th century Western Europe, after revolutionary changes in the preceding three centuries that decisively changed the way people lived. Three revolutions paved the way for the emergence of sociology: the Enlightenment, or the scientific revolution; the French Revolution; and the Industrial Revolution.

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Chapter 5: INDIAN SOCIOLOGISTS

As you saw in the opening chapter of your first book, Introducing Sociology, the discipline is a relatively young one even in the European context, having been established only about a century ago. In India, interest in sociological ways of thinking is a little more than a century old, but formal university teaching of sociology only began in 1919 at the University of Bombay.

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