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English Language: Concepts and Sample Questions: Analogy (Similarity)

Jun 6, 2015 15:05 IST

    The experts of Jagranjosh.com have come forward to help the aspirants in attempting all the questions speedily with basic preparatory strategy. By providing basic concepts, we are trying to make the calculation faster than doing from long and traditional ones.

    Analogy means Similarity or resemblance or some kind of relationship between two given things. Analogy test, therefore intends to evaluate one’s ability to comprehend the relationship that exist s between two objects, things or figures. There are infinite possibilities in establishing relation between two objects. Here, some important relationships are as follows:

    1. Cause and Effect Relationship

    Example: Education: Development

    a) Man: speech

    b) Nutrition: health

    c) Game: Play

    d) Child: Growth

    The relationship between development and education is of cause and effect. Education is a cause for development. Among the four choices, only (b) nutrition is a cause for health.

    Hence b is the answer

    2. Part and Whole Relationship

    Example: House: Room

    a) Struggle: fight

    b) Transport: car

    c) School: college

    d) Boy: girl

    Room is a part of house. Similarly car is a part of transport system.

    Hence b is the answer

    3. Part: Part relationship

    Example: Gill: Fin

    a) Salad: rice

    b) Sea: fish

    c) Kill: bomb

    d) Question: team

    Just as gill and fin are two different parts of a fish so salad and rice are parts of food.

    Hence a is the answer

    4. Purpose relationship

    Example: Glove: Ball

    a) Summer: winter

    b) Game: study

    c) Stadium: seats

    d) Hook: fish

    Just as a Glove helps catch a ball, hooks helps to catch a fish

    Hence d is the answer

    5. Action to object relationship

    Example: Break: Piece

    a) Writer: pen

    b) Bread: bake

    c) Kick: football

    d) Muddy: Unclear

    Just as break is an action that makes pieced, so kick is an action that makes the football move.

    Hence c is the answer

    6. Study and topic relationship

    Example: Linguistics: Language

    a) Gardener: harrow

    b) Hen: chicken

    c) Scale: length

    d) Anthropology: man

    Just linguistics is the science of language, so anthropology is the study of man’s life

    Hence d is the answer

    7. Word and antonym relationship

    Example: Confidence: diffidence

    a) Dastard: coward

    b) Field: farm

    c) House: garbage

    d) Baffle: clarify

    Just as diffidence is the opposite of confidence, so clarify is the opposite of baffle.

    Hence d is the answer

    8. Degree Relationship

    Example: Warm: Hot

    a) Tailor: textile

    b) Sun:  planet

    c) Horrible: heinous

    d) Fight: war

    Just as hot is  the greater degree of warm, so war is the greater degree of fight.

    9. Creature and offspring relationship

    Example: Horse: Colt

    a) Goat: bleat

    b) Dawn: twilight

    c) Dog: Puppy

    d) Actor: stage

    Just a colt is a young one of horse so puppy is the young one of dog.

    Hence c is the answer

    10. Word and Synonym Relationship

    Example: Abate: Lessen

    a) Sweet: bitter

    b) Ice: solid

    c) Dog: bitch

    d) Secret: clandestine

    Just as abate and lessen have similar meanings, so secret or clandestine have similar meanings.

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