1. Home
  2. |  
  3. Civil Services |  

IAS Prelims : GS Ancient History : Mesolithic Age

Feb 24, 2015 16:00 IST

    An intermediate stage began in Stone Age culture around 9000 BC known as Mesolithic Age.  Mesolithic Age was an intermediary stage when people started to change from hunter-gatherers to food producers. It gave way to a more advanced and technologically improved phase of culture known as Neolithic Age or the New Stone Age.


    The climate in this phase had become warm and dry. Change in climate brought about changes in tool traditions, food habits and living style.


    People lived on hunting, fishing and food gathering. They also domesticated animals in later stage of this phase.


    The principal tools used by Mesolithic people are microliths. Microlithic tools include blades, points, triangles and trapezes, harpoons, arrowheads, spearheads, etc. These tools were small and were often used as composite tools by hafting in woods and bones. These small tools were better suited to hunt smaller animals, birds and fishes. Smaller animals, birds and fishes were more abundant in the changed environment.

    Important Archaeological Sites

    Important Mesolithic sites in India are Bagor in Rajasthan, Adamgarh in Madhya Pradesh, Langhnaj in Gujarat, Sarai Nahar Rai in Uttar Pradesh, Mayurbhanj in Orissa, Godavari Basin, etc.

    Prehistoric Art

    Paleolithic and Mesolithic people are also known for their art. They practiced rock paintings. A number of caves and rock shelters have been discovered having paintings of birds, animals, human beings, hunting scenes. Most of these are associated with Mesolithic Age. Bhimbetka in Madhya Pradesh, an important Mesolithic site, has more than 500 painted rock shelters.

    Click here for IAS Prelims History Study Material

    Register to get FREE updates

      All Fields Mandatory
    • (Ex:9123456789)
    • Please Select Your Interest
    • Please specify

    • ajax-loader
    • A verifcation code has been sent to
      your mobile number

      Please enter the verification code below